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1507”N¤Ä޲l’n}»ìŽÒ‚ÌÏÙèݥ³Þ§ÙľްЭװ‚ͤ²Àرl’TŒŸ‰Æ‹y‚Ñ’n}»ìŽÒ‚̱Òغޥ³Þª½Ì߯Á (×Ã݌ê: Americus Vespucius) ‚Ì–¼‚ð‚Æ‚Á‚Đ¼”¼‹…‚Ì—¤’n‚ð±ÒضB‚Æ–¼•t‚¯‚½¢ŠE’n}‚ðì¬‚µ‚½(’1)¡¢±Òض‡O‘£‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ¾—t‚̍ŏ‰‚Ì•¶‘Ø‹’‚ͤ‘å—¤ŒR¼Þ®°¼Þ¥Ü¼ÝÄ݂̕›Š¯‹y‚ÑŒŸ‰{Š¯‚̑叫‚Å‚ ‚é½Ã¨°ÌÞÝ¥Ó²×݂ɂæ‚菑‚©‚ꂽ1776”N1ŒŽ2“ú•t‚¯‚̎莆‚©‚ç‚Å‚ ‚顎莆‚ͼޮ¾Ì¥Ø°Äޒ†²ˆ¶‚ŤŠv–½í‘ˆ‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä¢±Òض‡O‘‚Ì‘å—ʂŏ\•ª‚È—Í£‚ŽÍ߲݂ðŽx‰‡‚·‚é’QŠè‚ðÓ²×݂͋L‚µ‚½(’2)¡
¢±Òض‡O‘£‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ¾—t‚̍ŏ‰‚ÌŒöŠJo”Å‚³‚ꂽØ‹’‚ͤ1776”N4ŒŽ6“ú‚ÉÊÞ°¼ÞƱB¥³¨Ø±Ñ½ÞÊÞ°¸Þ‚̻ޥÊÞ°¼ÞƱ¥¶Þ¾Þ¯ÄŽ†–Ê‚É“½–¼‚ŏ‘‚©‚ꂽ´¯¾°‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä‚Å‚ ‚é(’3)(’4)¡1776”N6ŒŽ¤Ä°Ï½¥¼ÞªÌ§°¿Ý‚Í“Æ—§éŒ¾‚Ì¢Œ´‘e£‚ÌŒ©o‚µ‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä‘S‚đ啶Žš‚ŏ‘‚©‚ꂽ¢±Òض‡O‘£‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ¾—t‚ð‰Á‚¦‚½(’5)(’6)¡“Æ—§éŒ¾‚Ì7ŒŽ4“ú‚̍ŏI”Å‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ĥ•\‘è‚ÌŠY“–‚·‚é•”•ª‚Í¢±Òض‡O‘13Bˆê’v‚̐錾£‚ɕύX‚³‚ꂽ(’7)¡1777”N‚ɘA‡‹K–ñ‚ª”­•z‚³‚ꤢ˜A‡‚Ì–¼Ì‚ðw±Òض‡O‘x‚Æ’è‚߂飂ƋK’肵‚½(’8)¡
’ZkŒ`‚Í"United States"‚ª•W€“I‚Å‚ ‚褑¼‚̈ê”Ê“I‚ÈŒ`Ž®‚ͤ"U.S.", "USA"‹y‚Ñ"America"‚Å‚ ‚é¡ŒûŒê‚Å‚Ì–¼Ì‚Í"U.S. of A."‚ðŠÜ‚ݤ‘Û“I‚É‚Í"States"‚ðŠÜ‚Þ¡1700”N‘ãŒã”¼‚ÌŽ‰Ì‚É‚¨‚¢‚Đl‹C‚È–¼Ì‚Å‚ ‚颺ÛÝËÞ±£‚ͤ¸Ø½Ä̧°¥ºÛÝÌÞ½‚ª‹NŒ¹‚Å‚ ‚褺ÛÝËÞ±“Á•Ê‹æ‚Ì–¼‚ÅŒ©‚ç‚ê‚é(’9)¡‰pŒêˆÈŠO‚ÌŒ¾Œê‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ĥ±Òض‚Ì–¼Ì‚Í"United States"–”‚Í"United States of America"‚Ì‚¢‚¸‚ê‚©‚̤ŒûŒê‚Å‚Í"America"‚Ì–|–ó‚Å‚ ‚邱‚Æ‚ª‘½‚¢¡‰Á‚¦‚ĤUSA‚̂悤‚È—ªÌ‚ÍŽžX—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚é(’10)¡
"United States"‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ¾—t‚ͤ1865”N”áy‚̱Òض‡O‘Œ›–@C³‘æ13ð‚ðŠÜ‚ݤ"the United States are"‚̂悤‚ɤ–{—ˆ‚Í“Æ—§B‚̏W‡‘Ì‚ð•\Œ»‚µ‚½•¡”Œ`‚Æ‚µ‚Ĉµ‚í‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½¡“ì–kí‘ˆIŒ‹Œã‚ɂͤ"the United States is"‚̂悤‚É’P”Œ`‚Æ‚µ‚Ĉµ‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ªˆê”Ê“I‚É‚È‚Á‚½¡Œ»Ý‚Í’P”Œ`‚ª•W€“I‚Å‚ ‚褕¡”Œ`‚Í"these United States"‚̂悤‚ÈŠµ—p‹å‚É‚»‚ÌŒ`‚𗯂߂é(’11)¡‚»‚̈Ⴂ‚ÍŠµ—p–@‚Ì1‚ˆȏã‚ɏd—v‚È‚à‚Ì‚Æ‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邪¤B‚̏W‡‘Ì‹y‚Ñ’Pˆê‘̂Ƃ̊Ԃ̈Ⴂ‚𔽉f‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é(’12)¡
±Òض‡O‘‘–¯‚Ì•W€“I‚ÈŒ¾‹y•û–@‚ͤ"Americans"‚Å‚ ‚é¡"United States", "American"‹y‚Ñ"U.S."‚ͤ"American values"‹y‚Ñ"U.S. forces"‚̂悤‚ÉŒ`—eŽŒ“I‚ɍ‘‚ðŒ¾‹y‚·‚é‚Ì‚É—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚é¡American‚ͤ±Òض‡O‘‚ÆŠÖ˜A‚Ì‚È‚¢‚à‚Ì‚Ö‚ÌŒ¾‹y‚ɂ͉pŒê‚Å‚Í‚Ù‚Æ‚ñ‚Ç—p‚¢‚ç‚ê‚È‚¢(’13)¡

1.Cartographer Put 'America' on the Map 500 years Ago
http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-04-24-america-turns-500_N.htm?csp=34
2.DeLear, Byron (July 4, 2013) Who coined 'United States of America'? Mystery might have intriguing answer.
@http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/2013/0704/Who-coined-United-States-of-America-Mystery-might-have-intriguing-answer "Historians have long tried to pinpoint exactly when the name 'United States of America' was first used and by whom. A new find suggests the man might have been George Washington himself." Christian Science Monitor (Boston, MA).
3."To the inhabitants of Virginia," by A PLANTER. Dixon and Hunter's Virginia Gazette #1287
@http://research.history.org/DigitalLibrary/VirginiaGazette/VGIssueThumbs.cfm?IssueIDNo=76.DH.16 ? April 6, 1776, Williamsburg, Virginia. Letter is also included in Peter Force's American Archives Vol. 5
4.You read it here first
http://www.vagazette.com/news/va-vg-usa-first-0818-20120818,0,4983868.story
5.DeLear, Byron (August 16, 2012). "Who coined the name 'United States of America'? Mystery gets new twist."
@http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/The-Vote/2012/0816/Who-coined-the-name-United-States-of-America-Mystery-gets-new-twist#disqus_thread Christian Science Monitor (Boston, MA).
6.Jefferson's "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence
http://www.princeton.edu/~tjpapers/declaration/declaration.html
7.The Charters of Freedom
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/charters.html
8.The Threat of Anarchy Leads to the Constitution of the United States
http://books.google.com/books?id=jntSQ-yn66AC&pg=PA18
9.Washington State Place Names
http://books.google.com/books?id=7XI52I8zI_AC&pg=PA49
10.For example, the U.S. embassy in Spain calls itself the embassy of the "Estados Unidos", literally the words "states" and "united", and also uses the initials "EE.UU.", the doubled letters implying plural use in Spanish http://spanish.madrid.usembassy.gov/ Elsewhere on the site "Estados Unidos de Am?rica" is used http://spanish.madrid.usembassy.gov/es/educacion/benjamin_2013.html
11.Life in These, Uh, This United States
http://itre.cis.upenn.edu/~myl/languagelog/archives/002663.html
12.G. H. Emerson, The Universalist Quarterly and General Review, Vol. 28 (Jan. 1891), p. 49, quoted in Zimmer paper above.
13.Wilson, Kenneth G. (1993). The Columbia Guide to Standard American English. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 27?28. ISBN 0-231-06989-8.

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