»°ËÞ½I—¹‚Ì‚¨’m‚点
‘å—Ê‹sŽE
¥l‹C‹LŽ–×ݷݸÞ
øêŠT—v
‘å—Ê‹sŽEi‚½‚¢‚è‚傤‚¬‚á‚­‚³‚j‚ƂͤlŠÔ‚ðˆÓ}“I‚É‘å—Ê‚É‹sŽE‚·‚邱‚Æ¡¢‹sŽE£‚͍‘Û–@‚Å‹K’肳‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚邪¤ˆê”Ê•ñ“¹‚Å‚Í‚«‚í‚ß‚ÄžB–†‚ÉŽg‚í‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é¡

‘å—Ê‹sŽE‚Æ‚³‚ê‚é—á[•ÒW]


ˆê”Ê“I‚ɤ1‚‚̐lŽí¥–¯‘°¥‘‰Æ¥@‹³‚Ȃǂ̍\¬ˆõ‚ɑ΂·‚éŒv‰æ“I‘å—Ê‹sŽE“™‚̍sˆ×‚ͤ¼ÞªÉ»²Äނƌ¾‚¢¤‚»‚̈ꕔ‚ͼުɻ²Äޏð–ñ‚É‚¨‚¢‚ďW’cŽEŠQßi‘Û–@ˆá”½j‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‹K’肳‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é¡

ŒÃ—ˆ¤í‘ˆ¥ª•ž‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä‚Í‘å—Ê‹sŽE‚Í•t‚«•¨‚Å‚ ‚é¡‚±‚±‚Å‚Í—ðŽjã’–Ú‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é‚à‚Ì‚ð—ñ‹“‚·‚é¡‚È‚¨¤¼ÞªÉ»²Äނ̍€–ڂƈꕔd•¡‚·‚邪¤“¯€–Ú‚Ì•ª—Þ•û–@‚Ƃ͕ʂɤ‚¢‚í‚ä‚频å—Ê‹sŽE£‚ƌĂ΂ê‚Ä‚¢‚鎖Œ‚Ì’†‚Å‚à—ðŽj“I‚È‘å—Ê‹sŽE‚ÆŒ©‚ç‚ê‚é‚à‚Ì‚ð—ñ‹“‚·‚é¡

ŽÎ‘Ì‚Í‹]µŽÒ100–œlˆÈã¤‘¾Žš‚Í‹]µŽÒ1000–œlˆÈã‚Ì‚à‚Ì¡Žj—¿‚̉ðŽß‚âŽÀÝ«¥”Žš‚̐³Šm«‚Ì‹^‚í‚ê‚é‚à‚Ì‚àŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚é¡

ÕÀÞԐl‚É‚æ‚éè—Ì’n¶Å݂ł̐æZ–¯‹sŽE
`‚É‚æ‚é’·•½‚̐킢‚É‚¨‚¯‚鎖Œãˆ—
`‚ÌŽnc’é‚É‚æ‚éBŽò
€‰H‚É‚æ‚éVˆÀ‚ł̍~•š‚µ‚½`•º‚Ì‹sŽE
‹¤˜a­Û°Ï‚É‚¨‚¯‚鏔í–ð
‘æˆêŽŸÐÄØÀÞýí‘ˆ¬±¼Þ±í–ð‚Å‚Ì۰ώs–¯‹sŽE
¶ÙÀºÞŸr–Łi‘æŽOŽŸÎߴƐ푈j
ÕÀÞԐ푈
“‚‚̈ÀŽj‚Ì—‚É‚¨‚¯‚鿸ÞÄސl‹sŽE[1][2]
’†‘‚É‚¨‚¯‚é‹žŠÏ
\ŽšŒR‚É‚¨‚¯‚é·Ø½Ä¤²½×т¨‚æ‚ÑÕÀÞԊe‹³“k‚Ì”íŠQ
“ìÌ×ݽ‚É‚¨‚¯‚é±ÙËÞ¼Þ®±\ŽšŒR
Ö°Û¯Êߤ±Òض‡O‘‚É‚¨‚¯‚é–‚—Žë‚è
ÓݺÞْ鍑‚É‚æ‚éÕ°×¼±‘å—¤‚̐ª•ž
‹à‚̐ª•ž
’†‰›±¼Þ±‚̐ª•ž
Î×½ÞÑ¥¼¬°’©‚̐ª•ž
Æ°¼¬°Ìß°Ù¤ÊÞ°Ð԰ݤÍװē™‚Ì”j‰ó
¾Ù¼Þ­°¸’©‚̐ª•ž
Œ³›„
ÊÞ¸ÞÀÞ°Äޓ™‚Ì”j‰óiÊÞ¸ÞÀÞ°Äނ̐킢j
ںݷ½À’B¬Œã¤²½×ы³“k¤ÕÀÞԋ³“k‚ɑ΂·‚é‹sŽEi½Íْ߲݈[R–âj
èѰقɂæ‚鴽̧ʰݎs–¯‚Ì‹sŽE(en:Siege of Isfahan (1387))
²³Þ§Ý4¢i—‹’éj‚É‚æ‚éɳ޺ÛÄދsŽE
í‘Žž‘ã‚©‚ç]ŒËŽž‘㏉Šú‚Ì“ú–{‚É‚¨‚¯‚é‘å—Ê‹sŽE
‰žm‚Ì—
”ä‰bŽRÄ‚«“¢‚¿ (1571”N)
’·“‡ˆêŒüˆê„
‰z‘OˆêŒüˆê„
—L‰ªé‚̐킢
‘åâ‚̐w
“‡Œ´‚Ì—
²·Þؽ‚̸ÛѳªÙ‚É‚æ‚é±²Ù×ÝÄސNU
Ä޲‚ɂ¨‚¯‚éŽO\”Ní‘ˆ
’£Œ£’‰‚É‚æ‚éŽlìZ–¯‹sŽE
´‚É‚æ‚é’†‘‚̐ª•ž
Ö°Û¯Êߐl‚É‚æ‚é±Òض‘å—¤æZ–¯¥µ°½Ä×رBæZ–¯‚ÌŸr–Å¥ª•ž
½Í߲݂̲ݶ’鍑‚É‚¨‚¯‚é‹sŽE
²ÝÃÞ¨±Ýí‘ˆi»ÝÄ޸ذ¸‚Ì‹sŽE¤³ÝÃޯĥư‚Ì‹sŽE‚Ȃǁj¤“ì•Ä²ÝÃÞ¨±Ý‚Ì‹sŽE
²·Þؽ‚ÌÀ½ÏƱl‹sŽEiµ°½Ä×رj
±Òض‡O‘‚Ì“ì–kí‘ˆ‚É‚¨‚¯‚éÅ“yìíiŠC‚ւ̐iŒR‚Ȃǁj
±Òض‡O‘“ì•””Bi‹Œ±Òض˜A‡‘\¬Bj‚É‚¨‚¯‚鸰¥¸×¯¸½¥¸×݂ɂæ‚鍕l‹sŽE¡
Ö°Û¯Êߥۼ±‚É‚¨‚¯‚éÎ߸ÞÛсiŒÃ‘ã-ÎÛº°½Ä‘Oj
ÅÎßڵݐ푈
‘¾•½“V‘‚Ì—
‘æ“ñŽŸ’·Bª“¢‚É‚¨‚¯‚é–‹•{•à•º˜A‘à‚¨‚æ‚я¼ŽR”Ë‚É‚æ‚鉮‘㓇iŽü–h‘哇jZ–¯‹sŽE
•è’Cí‘ˆ
Êß׸ޱ²‚É‚¨‚¯‚éÌÞ×¼ÞٌR‚É‚æ‚é‹sŽEiŽO‘“¯–¿í‘ˆj
ÄÙº‚̱ÙÒƱl‹sŽE
¶Ç°ÄÞ½í‘ˆ‚ł̤ÌÞ×¼ÞٌR‚É‚æ‚é¶Ç°ÄÞ½‚̏Z–¯25,000l‚©‚ç30,000l‚̐â–ōìí[3]
•Ä”äí‘ˆ‚ł̱Òضl‚É‚æ‚ę́ØËßݐl‚Ì‹sŽE
‹`˜a’c‚Ì—‚Å‚ÌÛ¼±‚É‚æ‚é]“Œ˜Z\Žl“Ô‹—¯–¯‚Ì‹sŽE
ÍÚÛ¥Åϸ±‹sŽE
‘æˆêŽŸ¢ŠE‘åí
Û¼±Šv–½iÛ¼±“àíj
Ú°ÆݗꉺOGPU‚É‚æ‚锽‘̐§”h‚̏l´‚â’鐭”hŠÖŒWŽÒ‚Ì‹sŽE
Û¼±“àí‚É‚¨‚¯‚é¼ÍÞر‘åá’†sŒRiÔŒR‚É’Ç‚í‚ꂽ”’ŒR‚Æ‚»‚̉Ƒ°”–œl‚ªŒµ“~‚ÌÊÞ²¶ÙŒÎ‚ð‰¡’f’†‚É“€Ž€‚µ¤à•ó‚à‚ë‚Æ‚àŒÎ’ê‚É’¾‚ñ‚¾Ž–Œj
¿Ë޴ĘA–M‚É‚æ‚éÎÛÄÞÓ°Ù
¿Ë޴ĘA–M‚É‚¨‚¯‚é½À°Øݎ¡¢‰º‚Å‚Ì‘ål´
²·Þؽ—̲ÝÄޒ鍑‚É‚¨‚¯‚é±ÑدĻَ–Œ
Ï“쎖Œ
•½’¸ŽRŽ–Œ
’ʏBŽ–Œ
“ú’†í‘ˆ
“ì‹ž‘å‹sŽE
dŒc”šŒ‚
’†‘‘–¯“}ŒR‚É‚æ‚éÅ“yìíi‰©‰ÍŒˆ‰óŽ–Œ¤Œ˜•Ç´–줒·¹‘å‰ÎŽ–Œ‚Ȃǁj
½Í߲ݓàí
Ì×ݺ«ŒR‚É‚æ‚él–¯íü”hl´
‘æ“ñŽŸ¢ŠE‘åí
¿Ë޴ĘA–M‚É‚æ‚éÊÞÙ‘è—̨̤Ý×ÝÄނƂ̓~í‘ˆ¤Îß°×ÝÄޕªŠ„
NKVD‚É‚æ‚éÎß°×ÝÄނł̋sŽE¤¶Ã¨Ý‚̐XŽ–Œ
ÅÁ½‚É‚æ‚éÎÛº°½Ä¡ÕÀÞԖ¯‘°‚Ì‚Ù‚©¢ŠëŒ¯•ªŽq£¤½×Ìޖ¯‘°¤‹¤ŽYŽå‹`ŽÒ¤g‘̏áŠQŽÒ¤“¯«ˆ¤ŽÒ“™‚ÌŸr–Ť‹­§˜J“­
ÅÁ½‚̈ړ®‹sŽE•”‘౲ݻޯ¸ÞÙ¯Íß݂ɂæ‚é‹sŽE
Ä޲Œn–¯•º•”‘à³Þª±³Þ«Ù́iWerwolf¤l˜T•”‘àj¤Ô°¸Ä̪±ÍÞÝÃށiJagdverb?nde¤Žë—•”‘àj¤ÌÞÝļ­°iBundschuh¤•RŒC•”‘àj‚É‚æ‚é‹sŽE
“Æ¿í
¿Ë޴ĘA–Mí‘ˆ•ß—¸‚ɑ΂·‚éÅÁ½‚̔ƍߍsˆ×i•ß—¸¥‹¦—ÍŽÒ¥­Ž¡”Æ‚Ì‘å—Ê‹sŽE¤ÎÛº°½Ä‚̈ꕔj
¿Ë޴ĘA–M‚É‚æ‚éí‘ˆ”ƍ߁i•ß—¸¥‹¦—ÍŽÒ¥­Ž¡”Æ‚Ì‘å—Ê‹sŽEj
ÔŒR‚É‚æ‚éè—Ì’n–¯‚Ì—ª’D¤•ú‰Î¤‘å—Ê‹­Š­iÚ²Ìߥ²Ý¥ÍÞÙØ݁j‚ðŠÜ‚ޏˆŒY¤‹­§Žû—eiÄ޲‚̑¼ÊݶÞØ°¤Õ°ºÞ½×ËÞ±¤½ÛÊÞ·±‚Ȃǁj
‘—ŠÒ•ß—¸‚̏ˆŒY¤‹­§Žû—ei•Ž²ŒR‚©‚ç‚ÌŽ©ŒR•ß—¸¥˜A‡ŒR‚©‚ç‚̐•Ž²ŒR‹¦—͎ҁj
ÚÆݸÞ×°ÄޕïˆÍí
¸Û±Á±Ì§¼½ÞёgD³½À¼¬‚É‚æ‚é¾ÙËÞ±l‘å—Ê‹sŽE
±ÒضŒR¤²·ÞؽŒR‚É‚æ‚éÄ޲‚ւ̋óPiÄÞÚ½ÃÞݔšŒ‚¥ÊÝÌÞÙ¸‹óP‚Ȃǁj
¿Ë޴ĘA–M‚É‚æ‚é‹­§Žû—e‚ȂǁiÖ°Û¯Ê߂ɂ¨‚¯‚éã‹L‚Ì‚Ù‚©¤¼ÍÞر—}—¯‚Ȃǁj
˜A‡ŒRi•Ä‰p•§¿j‚É‚æ‚鐕Ž²ŒR•ß—¸‚Ì‹­§Žû—e‚Ȃǁi±²¾ÞÝÊÜ°‚É‚æ‚éDEF¤×²Ý‰Í”ÈŽû—eŠ‚Ȃǁj
Ä޲l’Ç•úi–¯‘°Ä޲l‚Ì’èZ’n¤io’n‚©‚ç‚Ì‹­§ˆÚZ¤–¯‘°ò‰»j
½ÞÃÞ°Ãݑå‹sŽE[4]
‘¾•½—mí‘ˆ
¼Ý¶ÞÎ߰ى؋¡‹sŽEŽ–Œ
ÏÆבå‹sŽE
“ú–{–{“y‹óP
L“‡Žs‚Ö‚ÌŒ´Žq”š’e“Š‰º‚Æ’·èŽs‚Ö‚ÌŒ´Žq”š’e“Š‰º
Š‹ª•_Ž–Œ
’†‘‚É‚æ‚é³²¸ÞÙ¥ÁÍޯāiÁÍޯē®—‚Ȃǁj¥“ŒÄÙ·½ÀÝ¥“ìÓݺÞÙ¥L¼ÁÜݑ°Ž©Ž¡‹æ‚Å‚Ì”—ŠQ¥‹sŽE¥–¯‘°ò‰»
‘‹¤“àí
’ʉ»Ž–Œ[5]
’·t•ïˆÍí
²ÝÄÞ¥Êß·½Àݕª—£“Æ—§
“ñ¥“ñ”ªŽ–Œ
”½‰E”h“¬‘ˆ
²½×´Ù‚É‚æ‚éÊßÚ½ÁŐl‹sŽE (Killings and massacres during the 1948 Palestine War)
“ú–{~•šŒã‚Ì“ì’©‘N‚É‚¨‚¯‚é”’FÃÛ
ÏB“‡Žl¥ŽOŽ–Œ[6]
—퐅¥‡“VŽ–Œ
•·Œc‹sŽEŽ–Œ
’©‘Ní‘ˆ
•Û“±˜A–¿Ž–Œ
‹¹Ž–Œ
‘–¯–h‰qŒRŽ–Œ
]‰Ø—Ç–¯‹sŽEŽ–Œ
±ÒضŒR‚É‚æ‚é–³·•Ê”šŒ‚i1950”N9ŒŽ25“ú¿³Ù”šŒ‚‚Ù‚©˜V‹Ò—¢Ž–Œj
±Ù¼ÞªØ±í‘ˆ
ÍÞÄÅѐ푈
À²ËÞݑº‹sŽEŽ–Œ
Ì«Ýƨ¥Ì«ÝƬ¯Ä‚Ì‹sŽE
ÊЂ̋sŽE
ºÞÀÞ²‚Ì‹sŽE
¿ÝБº‹sŽEŽ–Œ
ËÞ±Ìא푈
¶ÝÎÞ¼Þ±“àí
ˆÃ•‚Ì5ŒŽŽ–Œ
ÛÝ¥ÉقƱÒضŒR‚É‚æ‚é–³·•Ê”šŒ‚
ÊÞݸÞ×ÃÞ¼­“Æ—§í‘ˆ
ÎßÙ¥ÎßĔh‚É‚æ‚é‹sŽE
•¶‰»‘åŠv–½
“àÓݺÞِl–¯Šv–½“}l´Ž–Œ
±ÝºÞדàí
Ó»ÞÝËÞ°¸“àí
²×Ý¥²×¸í‘ˆ
¿˜ANU‚É‚æ‚é±Ì¶ÞƽÀݕ´‘ˆ (1978”N-1989”N)
˜ZŽl“VˆÀ–厖Œ
²×¸‚É‚æ‚é¸ÙÄސl‹sŽEiÊ×ÌÞ¼Þ¬Ž–Œ‚Ȃǁj
ÙÜÝÀޕ´‘ˆ
ÌÞÙݼދsŽE
ÙÜÝÀދsŽE
Õ°ºÞ½×ËÞ±•´‘ˆ
Î޽Ʊ“àí‚É‚¨‚¯‚éŽs–¯‚Ì–¯‘°ò‰»¤ÌßزªÄÞق̋sŽE
ÀÞṴٕ̀´‘ˆ‚É‚¨‚¯‚é‹sŽE
‘æ“ñŽŸºÝºÞí‘ˆ‚Æ‚»‚ê‚É‘±‚­“à—
¼Ø±“àí

‹r’[•ÒW]

o“T:Wikipedia
2019/07/23 20:30
ù¿l‹C‹LŽ–×ݷݸÞ
2020/03/28 XV
 1ˆÊ¨¬‹{‚¢‚ë‚Í
 2ˆÊª‘‰ªO
 3ˆÊ¨‘åŠw‚Ì—ªÌ
 4ˆÊ«‹Ê–Ø—æ
 5ˆÊª¼Þ¬°Ïݳ²Ý¸Þ½9525•Ö’Ä—ŽŽ–ŒÌ
£ã‚É–ß‚é
[9]WikipediaįÌß
[0]gooįÌß
¡–Ɛӎ–€
(C)NTT Resonant