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1841Nض޶ްݥ߰\ZҢٸފX̎El̎n܂肾Ƃٽޥިݽ́wްްׯށxȐł͂Ȃ쒆нذvf顖ɏIިݽޔӔŃw޳ݥٰނ̓xͤ̂ɑ̍Ƃң̍쐬݂Ă

1866Nа٥ص͕󂳂ꂽ߰̍iQɉe󂯤Eŏ̒Ґٰޭ𔭕\

ؽłٷݽ1860Nɽװ̑咷ҁw߁iтႭj̏x1862Nɂ͓ðςɂн؂ɋ߂ҁwiɰȲсjxoł1868Nɤpŏꂽ̒ҐࣂƂw΁i_̕΁jx[4] 𔭕\Ă

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ײݥٽ͏ҁw肪x؂ɤݸޥİ݂Ƃذނ̷׸T㣂oꂷ钷н؂70ołƂɂ钷҂ւ̍őo̒T㣂ƂȂ

i@̂łESްŰذҲݕٌm82҂ōőݼذނ܂߂ޮݥ۰140҂z14̼ذޒTޮݥذiʖ@JJد@John Creasey jͤ̎ذ58Ҥ޵݌xذ21҂͂ߑv562[6]j

܂ޮݥׯ٥شقͤƺ׽`1886NɢTƯoꂷiƭְذŔ\̌㤑̍Ƃƺ׽ʳȰтżذނ100Nȏ㑱TƯ̂ͤ̑唼҂ł

lɤpł1893NذؽTݥڲ̖``HSң𔭕\[7]ڲ͈̂قȂ҂ɂ褕̖`70Nȏ㏑ꂽƯ̂Ƃ͑ΏƓIɒZ҂قƂǂłiްxn삵ϲ٥ȽZ҂j

ΰѽނײާق[ҏW]


1879Nݥ޲̒ZҢJ̉ްޥެَ10Ŕ\ΰѽނ̂ł͂Ȃ1887Nɂ͢T㣂̑\Ƃۯΰѽ̒ґ1wxܰۯЂ߰ݎؽϽɂĔ\ΰѽނ̂ͤ1927N̒ZҢё܂ŏꂽ

ΰѽނ̍i͒҂Z҂|IɑɂͤؽȽĥެ̯ٳި٥޲ިݥ߰޽ĥްڽްĥȂǂƎ̷׸T̊􂷂Z҂𔭕\ނ̑nT͢ΰѽނײާقƂĂ΂邱Ƃ

̤ƍߏओ|Ȃ[ҏW]


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܂ݸ޺ݸŒm޶ްڽͤ`̎llMɤT㥌YƎElҥ̗wcŏ\wɗ]ذޥ׸n

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QlɋNpн؂ƂĂͤĥ̢ض̕Sң[9]

ςłͤ‚̕Mżرƺжق̍앗gޥEڲEl͂DHŤe^lɤŠYʂ̓XɉĂ̘AW𔭕\Ă

iLqҁjlɂȂĂiƂĂͤ۰ޥݾiݾƋj̒ZҏWлްނ̘b[10] 顳ٷݽނ̒҂ђZ҂łͤ͂⊪ƂɌ肪シi

ǎlɂͤد׳AZҏW^ȉRŎ݂Ă

𕶑̂Ȃǂǎ҂ɓĂ|ݿۼްͤذݕҢǎ҂ւ̒Ⱳޯ̕ҢVǎ҂ւ̒

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٥ޱ޶ް1925NɒҢ̂Ȃƣ𔭕\lTذٰ݂ͤ̓ƂȂ\{̉f⤐V̘AɂoꂷlClɯ̏\ŗLޥɯͤیЂ̎Ƃݒϲٽޥذ݂TɋNp

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ؽèɂ͢iŲݹްّĵ悤Ƚװi顔ޏ̢߲߰̏Z҂ͤݹްт̂̌ÓTƂݥ̨߯͸ؽè̗׉ƂɏZł褎X̏Ƃ[14]̨߯‚58΂Őn[15]98΂̢V̉ziThere Was an Old Man j܂Ő[16] M[17]ۼ԰ɂࢋ^fƂװZ҂

̨߯‚Ƃ͑ΏƓIȂ̂ުѽޥԯ̪iJames Yaffe jŤ㊥15΂̎ɒZҢs”\ƍ߉ۣ𔭕\3Ň̢El܂ŘAZ6i҂͢һÂϣذނèӼװʰްޑw݊w21΂ŢʰްޑwElōޭTޭޮݽނɓw₻̓ŋNذނɂȂĂ顏l̍Ȱтłۼެگн؍ƂƂĂ̊ԂZǍȂ礍]ː에]ݼުىƂ̎El|ĂĂٰ߰ĥưiRupert Penny jׂ͢Ȍxn܂ްَCx8҂ɤ݂v킹悤Ȣǎ҂ւ̒}

߽ĉƐV{ih[ҏW]


ォ炻̏ɓoꂵدȍƌQ]ː에͢V{ihƖĂ[18]

ٷްƽ׽=ڥðނƺ׽ڲpؽťޥƲްذޥؽݤػ޽̪װށiElizabethXFerrars j炪Ǝ̍앗őnӍHvɖِF𔭕\

ϊi̤߲ƻݽ[ҏW]


{iɑ΂ĤϊiƂï‚ؼ϶ް̢Q҂{IT{I̤Ɛl͂킩ĂĔQҥT㥖ڌ҂Ȃǂ𐄗Ƃ̘gɂƂǂ܂ȂưȌ`iϊij̒ҍił϶ް͏߲lɂťаޣ̂ʼnfɂȂĂ顽߲̂ł͢ުѽޥذނݥݸLدװ̢ިص̊د̫ɂ颼ެق̓ڱѥذł̒jق̓{󂪂

ɤدlol̐S`ʂɏd_uݽ̍i٥د\\삪رѥد`̒Ң̏Ť`̏oLł顒ZҢ͉f̌ɍ̗pꂽ[19]

دè̳ގ哱̏i͖{iFނ̂βװŠͻݽFZȂٰࢳ̫ތxذނ̖{iƤްץާݖ`ł̻ݽ̗nŌQ[20] 𔭕\ ݽł۰ٽެذǥڰ޽ݥެؿȂǂݽ𑽂̂\Ă

ޮ̨ݥò͏̐S`ʂɒƂ̖ɂĕ͌ȂTa@ޯނ̏Ť݂̂j̎@̂Ă顔ޏƍꂪȢa@ElȂǤн؂̼ޮ̨ݥفiJosephine Bell jͤؽƋiCCAj̑nްł褉E߂حްށiAndrew Garve j͓`x@̂Ƒʂȍ앗g邪ނ新ꣂͻݽ̍iȂ

ެق̍Ƃɂн[ҏW]


̂Ɏw̑ƂƂȂڷް͢܂߰̑OɤԂق̔閧ق_н؂𔭕\Ă ުѽޥ߽搶悤Ȃ磂̑OɢwZ̎ElĂSF̋ޯɂ͢ƒw偂̉ذނ

ޫ޳ިٌƂ߰ާ٥ܲͤrٔ͂߂Ƃذِ҂߂܎t߰ذl̶нآ}ǂ̂yݣȂǂłm̖|҂łؽ߰ͤި̖߰{ŗjCm̪ذޣȂǂ̗jн؂MݽЉ̑۰ޥذɂढtH̒qق_нؒ҂

ʰ޲ނ̏o[ҏW]


1928N޼٥ү̒Tè٥߂̍ŏ̒Ң޲݉Ƃ̎􂢣ƂɑԂn[21]𔭕\]̐Ƃ͈悷\ͤݤƂvf̑ʰ޲ޣƌĂ΂餎Ƃıض̑s𕑑ɂT̂̚ƂүĂ1930Nl̑ŏoꂷѥ߰ނn߂ƽ߰ނɑ3̷׸ǂTƯׂ̊`eȂjD]Ťfżذމꂽ

ޮݥݥϸ̒҂ͤwẐȂx薼ɐF̖O‚ꤼذޥ׸׳ިϯްͤ܂܂ȍƂɉe^ݼذލiwx͸ںذ߯ްĥЯѤϰèݥٻт̋ʼnf扻ꂽ[22]

ʰ޲ނ̂̓sIȾݽѽݸނȓWJƤ{î̘_Iȓ𕹂¢j̗rAA̪ۥ̑FBIگY6OޮŻݥèϰޥٰد׳݂̍iQ޲ޣƌĂԏꍇ

傢Ȃ閰裂⢒ʂꣂ ڲޥװͤ嗬wiwj̒нذꂽƕ][23]۽ϸͤWIȂǂɌ镡GۯĂƤolɊւSwIȓ@Ťʰ޲ނƖ{i̗ZƏ̂ꍇ[24]ϸށi{FȽװj̍Ȃłϰگĥװͤײmƻݽތx̒ҢȂS̖壂قŕvɍƂƂĐ߂Ă褢肳̈棂ȂǐSװ̑l҂ƂĊӔṈ׺ݕٌm̂łͤʰ޲ނ⻽ݽհӱ̗vfĈȑOϲނȍ앗ɓ]

x@ƋƊEн[ҏW]


ޥϸ޲ͤˋ̊Xׂ𕑑ɂ̌x̊`87ذޣŤx@ƌĂ΂Vȼެقmΰߕٌmذޣ͑薼ƐףC͂LȂǓbɈލiɂȂĂ題x@łͤذޮټޭݥ޸Ȃǂ̍i

܂ިݼ͏QRƂĊ􂵂o𐶂Ң{͂ߤnE߂鎖𔭕\Ė@Eog̼٥ͱiCyril Hare jͤ@нأذٖ{iƂĂ΂w@̔ߌxȂǂm顑ɌoϥwvȂǂðςɓн؂Ƃꂽ

ި߽èհӱн[ҏW]


ޮݥkذͤާݥ޲݂̂̕^َElިݥȕs”\ƍߢb̊٣ȂǤ̐Ƃ̋ި߽è𔭕\

ݿư۳ިޮݥޥްŰͤΰѽނ̏hGرè̌kyݸލcFުѽޥذނꂼƎ̓eŔ\Ă

ްĥ۲ޥ̨͢ۯΰѽނ̖`Ȃǂΰѽޥި̒ZҏWSң̂悤ȼرȻݽ҂顒Z҂̖ܰޥèݼެίɂ̂͢܂̕RȂ12Z҂ΰѽޥ߽èقƯΰ݈t玩g̷׸ΰѽނ

Ƃ ޮ߰ͤްާxݺ݂΂̎Oڷ׸쒆JLհӱiŐlC𔎂ڲޥײऎgƂ̉Ƒقɂƌ颽ĥΰюEli1944j v͎OɎ~܂飁i1939jɂ͂܂۰ݕٌm̂Ƃհӱ҂𑽂\

ƍl̒Tソ[ҏW]


ץ·͍wŌٌm̏TViިرjI􂷂wϰѥٰxޭذݥŰ剉ʼnf扻iM袎j͍ˏƂ͑ΏƓIȤ}ŕʂ̏TɋNp޲̂`̎lݼްΰ݂̼ذނ͢ҥT㥓ǎңׂďłijǎ҂邪앗ǎҌƂŁj3Fнذ[25] Ƃ̐V񂾡ץͤڽޱ̷׸iɑoꂳĂؼӲiPatricia Moyes j̼ذޒT͒jذèޯČx邭ȍȂ̴а{ɋ͂ĤvwŎĂi

ޮݥް͍lذČxާ٥è޽lƂ钷Ң̔MC̒ţ𔭕\l̕ǂzđɑhllCƂȂʲѽ̏@ޮݽނƊޣ̍lނoꂷ颲قւ̈ݽŘbɂȂ̱ضł͕s]Ƃ

lXȖT[ҏW]


̌㤏⍕l̒TēoꂵȂȂн؂̐EŤ҂ͤLiرݥ׳̢єLj˂ݤliްĥ̢ԗsңjj̈̐liޱϼ̢TQjٶ@BޯĤ̐̐lԂł͂ȂliʰإjȂǤlXȒTn

ޥ̂˂̢݂̍T޲٣̤رѥCް݁iWilliam Charles Anderson j ̐lbٶۯ߰ذޤߴ٥إ̢ظޯģ@g٥ެگ̢ptTȂǂͤ䂪łЉꂽ߰٥²ĔmͤSNo߂ĂNƂȂ[26]svcȖTł

lXȎ[ҏW]


ެݥϲٽށwڲ݁xޮ̨ݥݽށwðނ̈x٥Sݼެ (Bill Sanborn Ballinger ) wƒ܁x͉҂ܒԂɂĔ̔Ͻòݤ٥װwNݽވƂEHxƑҁwݽވƂ̕Qxͤ܂tēǎ҂Ɛl̉񓚂Wز͒ҁw椋xԋۏ؂‚ŏoł

܂ƽβذ (Dennis Wheatley )́wϲЉElxwNްĥèExwݾްAElxŤϯVL̐؂[ȂǤ؋i̕Ps{[27] ɓYtĔs

ߴ٥޲԰ (Pierre Bayard )́w۲ނÊ͂ꂩxwۯΰѽނ̌TxȂǂŤؽè̏i޲ق̒҂ŢTオ쒆ŎwEƐl͖ߡ^Ɛl͕ʂɂƂe̕]_𑱂Ĕ\Ă

񐢑㥎O̍ƂƒT[ҏW]


رݥݥ޲قިݥƋŤΰѽނ̌ꂴiW wۯΰѽނ̌сxoš܂21Iɓ褶̑ذިݥwޥد߰ ؂􂫼ެ̔閧x𔭕\н؊EޭĂ

ϸ٥޷݁iMatthias McDonnell Bodkin jͤT߰٥ޯ Tץϰق̓ذނĂނl̑qłޯQ̍in񐢑̋܂ޮݥ߰ق1992NޮݥިݾāiJohn Vincent j`Ţx͉̂炾iLive And Let's Dance j[28] ȂǼުѽޥޥޭƱ̼ذނĂ[29]

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2019/11/16 23:30
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