‹Ω‹}”π“ο
₯l‹C‹LŽ–Χέ·έΈή
ψκ3.‘Ϋ–@γ‚Μ‹Ω‹}”π“ο
‘Ϋ–@‚Ι‚¨‚―‚ι‹Ω‹}”π“ο (necessity) ‚Ζ‚Ν€‘‰Ζ‚ͺd‘ε‚©‚Β‹}”—‚ΜŠλŒ―‚©‚ηŽ©‘‚Ι‚Ζ‚Α‚Δ–{ŽΏ“I‚Θ—˜‰v (essential interest) ‚π•ΫŒμ‚·‚ι‚½‚߂ɍ‘Ϋ–@ˆα”½‚Μ‘[’u‚ͺu‚Ά‚η‚κ‚½‚Ζ‚΅‚Δ‚ΰ€‘Ό‚ΙŽθ’i‚ͺ–³‚­‘ŠŽθ‘‚Ι–{ŽΏ“I‚Θ—˜‰v‚Ι‘Ξ‚·‚ιd‘ε‚ȐNŠQ‚ͺ”­Ά‚΅‚Θ‚’‚Θ‚η‚Ξ—αŠO“I‚Ι“K–@‚Ζ‚³‚κ‚ιsˆΧ‚Μ‚±‚Ζ‚π‚’‚€‘‚±‚κ‚͍‘ΫŠ΅K–@γ”F‚ί‚η‚κ‚½ˆα–@«‘j‹pŽ–—R‚Ε‚ ‚ι‘‹Ω‹}”π“ο‚ͺ•K—v‚Ζ‚Θ‚ισ‘Τ‚Μ‚±‚Ζ‚π‹Ω‹}σ‘Τ (state of necessity) ‚Ζ‚’‚€‘

‚±‚Μ‚±‚Ζ‚Ν€‘ΫŽi–@Ω”»Š (ICJ) ‚Μ’ΆήΜήΑΊ³ή«₯ΕΌή­ΟΫΌ­Œv‰ζŽ–Œ£”»Œˆi1997”N€ΆήΜήΑΊ³ή«iΚέΆήΨ°j‚ΖΕΌή­ΟΫΌ­iΑͺΊ½Ϋ³ή§·±j‚ΙŒΧ‚ι…–ε‚πŒšέ‚·‚ι‚½‚ί’χŒ‹‚³‚κ‚½π–ρ‚ΙŠΦ‚΅‚Δ‚Μ•΄‘ˆj‚Ι‚¨‚’‚ΔŠm”F‚³‚κ‚Δ‚’‚ι‘

‚ά‚½€‘Ϋ˜A‡‚̍‘Ϋ–@ˆΟˆυ‰ο (ILC: International Law Commission) ‚ͺ‘‰ΖΣ”C‚ΙŠΦ‚·‚鍑ΫŠ΅K–@‚Μ–@“T‰»‚𐄐i‚΅‚Δ‚¨‚耂»‚±‚Ε2001”N‚ΙΜ‘π‚³‚κ‚½’‘Ϋˆα–@sˆΧ‚Ι‘Ξ‚·‚鍑‰ΖΣ”C (Responsibility of States for internationally wrongful acts)£π–ρˆΔ‚Μ25π‚Ι‚ΰ‹Ω‹}”π“ο‚ΙŠΦ‚·‚ι‹K’θ‚ͺ‚ ‚耏γ‹L”»Œˆ‚ΰ‚±‚̏𕢂̑ˆΔi“–Žž33πj‚π‹Ω‹}”π“ο‚ͺ‰Β”\‚Ζ‚Θ‚ι—vŒ‚Ι‚Β‚’‚ďq‚Χ‚ιΫ‚Ιˆψ—p‚΅‚Δ‚’‚ι‘

[4]‘OΝί°Όή
(2.2.‰p•Δ–@γ‚Μ–―Ž–γ‚Μ‹Ω‹}”π“ο)
[6]ŽŸΝί°Όή
(4.‹r’)
ω~–ΪŽŸ‚Ι–ί‚ι
o“T:Wikipedia
2019/12/06 13:30
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2020/01/22 XV
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