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4.ŠO•”Øݸ

1. Maury Klein, Days of Defiance: Sumter, Secession, and the Coming of the Civil War (Knopf, 1997) p 22
2. "From February into the late spring, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, and Arkansas were considered border states" says David Stephen Heidler et al, eds. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War (2002) p. 252
3. Daniel W. Crofts, Reluctant Confederates: Upper South Unionists in the Secession Crisis (1989)
4. Barber, Dean. gHistory of the 1st Alabama Cavalry, USVh. 1stalabamacavalryusv.com. 2011”N5ŒŽ28“ú‰{——¡
5. gPro-Union Southernersh. World History Blog (2007”N5ŒŽ24“ú). 2011”N5ŒŽ28“ú‰{——¡
6. Daniel E. Sutherland, A Savage Conflict: The Decisive Role of Guerrillas in the American Civil War (2009)
7. Thomas Goodrich, Bloody Dawn: The Story of the Lawrence Massacre (1992)
8. Mary L. Hart, Charles Reagan Wilson, William Ferris and Ann J. Adadie, eds. Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, (1989).

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