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1. Riehl, R?diger. Editor.; Baensch, HA (1996). Aquarium Atlas (5th ed.). Germany: Tetra Press. . 
2. Leibel WS (1993) A fishkeepers guide to South American cichlids.
3. Loiselle, Paul V. (1995). The Cichlid Aquarium. Germany: Tetra Press. . 
4. Sands D (1994) A fishkeepers guide to Central American cichlids.

o“T:Wikipedia
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