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ުѽ2007NͤުѽݐAnݗȂ킿ްƱ̎n܂肩400NjÂ̍słͤްƱ̗j`ۂɏȂʖʂިݤְۯߐlضl̍vɏœ_𓖂Ă[7][8]̐lXސ푈ɏdvިݐ푈ضƗ푈k푈ۂƂ̐킢܂ŤްƱɂȂĂ[9] j̐lႦ߶ޮݥнޮޥܼ̎qȂǂ̘b⤓k푈O̓zЉɂðK芪bB̗jɐ_b褏B̲޵۷ްɗ_I߂^Ă[10]

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ްƱƂȂnɍŏ̐lނ̂ͤ12,000NȏOƐvĂ[11]5,000NO܂łɒIȏWꤐ900Nɂ͔_kn܂Ă1500N܂łɤٺݷ݌ꑰCݒnɳ۳Ӻ̂悤Ȓݗªź϶ƌĂłɂɂ̐lXkƓ암ɂɯijݑȂۺꑰ̐lXZł1570NȌ㤱ٺݷ݌ꑰͤ̌ՖԂɑ΂鑼̋̕Ђɑ΍R邽߂ɤ߳ݏỦɓꂽ[12]݂߳͏ȕ30ȏ㤏Wł150ȏxzɒuʂްƱٺݷ݌bĂ1607NCݒn̐l13,000l14,000lɂȂĂ[13]

16I߲޽Ȃְۯߐl‚߰pTĂ1583Nݸػ޽1߲ݗk̒nɐAn݂錠۰ذɗ^[14]1584N۰ذ͖kض吼mɉh[15]ްƱƂO͢ްݥݣiUȂػ޽1̟ӖjɈ۰ذ邢ʹػ޽1Ô\褂܂ި݂̌t "Wingandacoa" 邢͖ "Wingina" Ɋ֌WÂ[16]̖OײҲ܂ŤЭޏ܂ފCݒnŜwĎgꂽ[17]̒n̓ynɑ΂錠F߂1606N͂ɂ褂̗̎BЂƂ݉Ђ@l̉ЂVEł͏̲ݸނɂPvIJnުѽɏoݸމުѽ1Ɉނ̊Jnͤ1607N5ؽ̧ƭ߰ݗ[18]1619NJ҂ʳޥްުނƌĂԑIőIԋc̋cݗĤn̎xz߂1624N݉ЂjYƤؽ̂ƂIJؽ̎xzɓ[19]

An̐͊댯Ȃ̂ł1609N̢Q̎ipj1622N̲ި݂ɂsE܂ޱݸۥ߳ݐ푈Ȃǂő̎҂𗎂Ƃި݂ɂsEɂĐAnl̲ިݑSĂɑ΂ےIȌ܂ꂽ[20][21]̊J6,000l̂1624N܂Őĉ3,400lɉ߂Ȃ[22]ְۯ߂޺ɑ΂vƂ礂ɑ̊J҂Ƃ̏]l邱ƂɂȂ[23]J͕s₤߂ɤްƱ܂ʼn^NG҂̂ꂼɂ‚ĂऊJ҂ɓyn^[24]ضlJ҂߂ėAꂽ̂1619Nł褏]l̼ޮݥɊւ1654N̑iׂzꐧx@ꂽ[25]

JҊKƎxzK̊Ԃɋْ֌W܂꤂܂nIȍƂ1676N޲݂̔Ɍq̂Ƃ܂łɉߋ̎҂܂߂ĔNGҐl͑Ŝ80ɂȂĂ[26]唼͐AnèNͤި݂ɑ΂_IȐɂ΂Anl͗͂ƏŲި݂̓ynグĂ1677NȂǂ͒󂵂𑮍̂1699NرѽްAnsƂȂ褂̑O1693Nɂͤرѥޥұذwݗꂽ[27]1747NްƱl@ƏWcؽ̌돂󂯂ĵʲЂݗR萼ɂʲ̓yɂJƌՂn߂[28]̒nǰݽ̈ꕔƂė̗L咣Ăݽͤ̓ЂƑ̌ɋNިݐ푈ְۯ߂ɂN푈i1756N-1763Nj̱ض嗤łƂȂްƱAƌĂ΂ꂽؽ̐An̖𗦂Ă̂ޮޥܼ[29]

Bi[ҏW]

ިݐ푈̌ؽ̋cAnɐVłۂƂAnł͋ɂ߂ĕslCްƱAncłͤ\̖ېɔ΂鐺褐_q̒łدذޥذذΘ_w[30]ްƱ͑̐AnƋ1773Nɂ̍s铮nߤ1774N嗤cɑch[31]1774NɐAn‚AncU㤊vhwҒBްƱcʂĎxzp1776N515̉cؽ鍑̓Ɨ錾ޮޥҲNްƱ͓T̑ꂪV@Ɋ܂܂邱ƂɂȂ[32]İϽު̧Ҳ݂̐錾󂯂đSAnضƗ錾N[33]

1775NضƗ푈n܂Ƥޮޥܼ݂嗤R̎wɑIoꂽ풆ɤC݂ɂ鳨رѽްނ̈ʒuؽRɂU󂯂₷Ƃ|ꂽު̧݂̐iŤsدɈڂꂽ[34]1781N嗤RݽCR̋ŤؽRްƱɕ‚߂ְ݂͐̕łͼޮޥܼ݂ݽRۼް̌RؽRٽޥݳؽŘRj1781N1019ɺݳؽ~ƂŤؘacɌq褐An̓ƗmȂ̂ɂ[35]

ضO@̋NłްƱlSɂȂ1787NުѽޥިްƱ݂N1780Nɂ͓T[33]ްƱ1788N625ɱضO@yO10Ԗڂ̏BɂȂzlްƱBͤ@ɐ荞܂ꂽ53ËĂɂضO@łő̋ccւްƱBogضO哝ƂŤްƱƂĂ΂ꤍł̏dvێ1790NްƱBذޏBAM{ɓynnĤVAM̎sޱn`ްƱByn1846NɕԊ҂ꂽ[36]ްƱB͢B̕ꣂƂĂ΂1792NްƱB番ꂽBɏiȂǤ‚̏B܂꤂܂ްƱB܂̑̎҂̊J҂ƂȂł[37]

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zJ͔͂_Ƃ̑ɂzƂ③DƂȂǂŗp܂Ă[38]1831NůĥŰɂzꔽ1859Nޮݥ׳ɂʰ߰ޥ̪ذzꐧxðoςɂ邻̖ɂ‚Ĥ[ЉIs邱Ƃ1860N_ŤްƱBl̂悻31%50lzꂾ[39]zꐧxɊւl̈Ⴂk푈JɌq

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ںݽ׸ްƱB͖ƎQI̕ۏ؂𐷂荞񂾌@̑[43]߭ؽĂ̍ĕғ}Iȓ}hAti߂Ă1883NێIȔl}[44]}͐l퍷ʂѥ۳@ʂ1902NɂްƱ@ĤlȂǓ[𐧌iꤎIضnضl̑唼Ƒ̕nRl瓊[グ[45]ضnضl͐̐Eɂ\Ȃ߂ɤwZ͐l핪ꤗ\Z‚Љﻰ޽s͂Ȃضnضl̺Эè邱Ƃ͂ł[46]

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oς̔WްƱB傫ω1880Nުѽޥްĥݻ޺@B𔭖دގӂŐVʐY̎ɓ1886NSȆ嗧ĎҺؽ߯è݂ƭ߰ƭDݗꎟEݤ1907N1923N̊ԂɤضCR6ǂ̐͂[47]̐풆ɂU-151Ȃ޲`O̊͑DUĂ[48]

1926Nرѽްން݋拳qtWARޯ޳ݔmޮݥۯ̪װ玑񋟂󂯂ĤرѽްޗjnɂAňCn߂[49]ۼުĂ͏B̑ۼުĂƓlɤEQ񎟐E̍rgƐ˂΂ȂȂƱ٥رѽް傫ȊόnƂȂ܂ōH͑ꂽ[50]

1951ŅقŤ޲޽ݽܰތSψiׂɌqwZ̐l핪ɑ΂ްץ۰ޥޮݽނɂčRc^n߂ꂽ̑iׂدސ܂̽߯³ޥرѥݿ݂ƵްقN1954N̢׳ݑ΋ψٔƋɤʂǂƂl핪r˂1958Ne͂l핪`҂̱ضO@cذFްނƂްދ@\w频ʒR̉ŤްƱB͏B̎󂯂nwZ̐l퓝֎~[51]

1960Nɓ^ɂ͑̎҂Q͓Iȗ͂𓾂Ĥ1964Ň@1965N̑I@ƂSIȖ@ɑ΂x͂񂾡1964NضOōٔͤݽܰތSȂǂɊwZ̐l퓝𖽂[52]1967N׳ިݸޑްƱBٔްƱBlԌւĂƂP񂳂1969N1971Nٽޥޯ޳ݏBm̉̏BcB@ѥ۳@̓PpȂǂ̖ړIʂꂽ1989N޸׽ܲްضnضlƂč̏BmɑIoꂽ[53]

𒆐SɤܼD.C.ɋ߂kްƱłͤh֌Wɏ]EɊւl[54]@ւłͤݸڰɒuꂽ񎟐E풆ł͂邪ض̍hł푈ȋyъCRȁiɍhȁj̖{Ƃ݂Ă顂2001Nضێ̕WIƂȂ褗q@˓189l̖ꂽ[55]

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֘AځFްƱB̌Sꗗw:List of Virginia riversw:Lost Counties, Cities and Towns of Virginiaw:Environment of Virginia

ްƱB̑Sʐς42,774.2ϲ (110,785.7 km2)ł褂̂3,180.13ϲ (8,236.5 km2)旦7.4%ł顖ʐςł͍50B35Ԗڂł[56]ްƱBͤkްƱBذޏBܼD.C.iϯŁjɤ암ɰײŏBȼBɤBƳްƱBɐڂĂ顂܂߰p吼mɖʂĂذޏBܼD.C.ƍ鋫Eϯ݂̒ᐅʐ܂ʼnтĂ[57]쑤Bk36x30ƒ`Ă邪ʂ̌ɂ3قǂĂ[58]

ްƱBɂްڰ̫ٽތݥڲȂǤǗ30̌[59]ް1935NɎw肳ꤌiς̗ǂײݥײނLтĂ題ʐ78,579 (322 km2) ̖40%Sѕۑ̌nɎw肳錴тł[60]ǂǗ邷ׂĂ̈ꗗList of areas in the National Park System of the United States in Virginiał顂ްƱBۑڸشݏȂƐXяȂǗ34̏B17̏BLт[61][62]߰p͍ł͂ȂB@ƘAM@ŕی삳ꤘpƐĐ߰p۸тŎsĂ顸ڰĥިَn쐶یɰײŏB܂ōL褂܂ޯp쐶یݸ̎n܂ƂȂĂ[63]

ްƱBFList of Virginia state parks

nƒn`[ҏW]

߰pɂĐްƱB{yƓ݂2S锼ɕĂ顂̘pnVfՓ˂ƂɂČ`ꂽ߰pڰɂđꂽ[64]ϯׯɯְުѽސȂǑ̉͐삪߰pɗꍞݤpɌ3‚̑傫Ȕ`Ă[65][66]n`ƒnɂްƱB͓琼5‚̒nInɋ敪顂Ȃ킿Cݕipj߰đnٰدގRدޥޥڰnipjްލł[67]

Cݕ͑吼m݂̊Ԃ̊Cݕł߰p݂̓Ǝv]܂ł߰đnɌ`ꂽR͐ϊΐȂ铌u˕ł[68]̒nͻĎRnȂǔSywƂŒm[69]ٰدގRR̘AȂ1‚ł褕W 5,729 ̨ (1,746 m) ۼެRBōn_ł[70]دޥޥڰn悪̎R̐ɂ褸ڰĥݥڰipj܂܂顂̒n͒Y_₪ՂłϻǯݎRipj[71]ްލƶްގRnipjB쐼ɂٹ޲ưn̉ɂ顂̒nł͐삪kɗʲ܂Ŏ؂}𒣂悤ȐȞnĂ[72]

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ްƱB̋C͓암ƓɍsƂgxȂXɂ[79]1̕ύōC26°F (-3 )7̕ύōC86°F (30 )ƕωĂ顓Ɠ쓌Cݒnɂ͑吼me^Ăҷp̉e󂯂ĤCݕɂعP邱Ƃ褓߰p͌ł[80]

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ߔNܼD.C.쑤̍xOkްƱɐLтĂĤlx̍nɑz̕˔M𑽂z悤ɂȂ褓ss˰ıۂĂ[84]ضxw2011N񍐏łͤB11̌SC̊ɗ褓̧̪S͎Ԃ̔r޽ɂňłƂĂ[85][86]Rx̉͐ΒYΗ͔dꕔɂȂĂ[87]

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B̈65%XтĂ褂̑͗tLtł[61]WႭȂƤض¶ނۂȂǎxDޏQٰدގRɂ˯ذ⵰Ă[79]1990N㏉ϲϲ̔ŤXe󂯂Ă[88]nCݕłͷۏxzIł褸ڰĥިَnɯijnłϽނ̐X顂̑悭AƂĂͤɷضŹޤij޲ް̼ނ顑吼m݂␼Rxnɂ͍Lт褴ڲ̑Q[79][89]吼m݂ɂ͓吼mɑт쓌CݕɂCmAꤊCmA͓ɏB쓌ɑ

MނƂĂ͵ۼ޶۸ްް޷ְײݸ߯ʲ۷˶޼ނ[90]ނɂͤޮض̸۳ײťض޶פɽлضʸijܼ1990N㔼΂ɼް޻ēꂽ[91]WłͤٱϽ۱ɰ޽ٰϽނȂ210킪mĂ[92]Ɋ̑ɂ͐ضƂݼZł[79]߰pɂٰޤϸϽ޷ȂǑ̎킪[93]

l[ҏW]

ضOɂ2012N71_ްƱB̐vl8,185,867lƂȂĂ[95]2010N8,001,024l2.3%Ă[96]2000N_͏Bւ̈ڏZ҂314,832lĂ顂̓ƂčÖږ159,627l̈ڏZ҂155,205l[97]ްƱBldSدގsxOްތSƂȂĂ[98]

ްƱB̌Ƃ1981N1996N2xB@pK肳ꂽްƱ@ł͋K肳ĂȂ[99]p6,245,517lBl86.7%bĂɉ߂ϗǂbl 570,638l7.9%94.6%ƂȂ顑̌ł߲݌424,381l5.9%ƂȂĂ顱ޱmň͑Ŝ226,911l3.2%łNь̨݌[100]2006NݤްƱB940,899lil8.14%jͱضOOŐ܂99,104l͑̏BŐ܂ꂽ

lI\yёc[ҏW]

lI\ł͔˽Ưlł1990N76%2011N64.5%܂ŌĂ[101][102]2011N̏oɂ䗦ł50.9%Ȃ[103]

AnɏBSݸn̐lXǍಷؽ̑n̈ږ[104]űضlƐ\҂̑Ͳݸތn̎qkضɗĂ琔oĂ邽߂ɤPɱضlƉ񓚂邱ƂI[105][106]1600NްƱɗݸތnږ75%͔NGƂėĂ[107]B̎Rxnɂ͓Ɨ푈̑Oɤޥތnږݗ̊Jn[108][109]kRxnƼްڰɂ͏Ȃ޲Œn̎q2010ṈضݥЭè޲łͤ11.7%ƍł񓚂[110]

ްƱBŔl̎ɑlͱضnضlł2011N_19.8%[102]唼̱ضnضl޺ȉԤð݂œz̎qł顂̑c͎ݺ޲ĥޥޱׂȂDZضAĂꂽ݂Ųުر암ɂ鲸ޑްƱB̓zł͍ő̖Wc[111][112]ضnضl̑ړɐl炵1965N͓암ɖ߂ĂĂlX[113]ްƱl2.9%͓l퍬Ɛ\Ă[114]܂0.5%Ͳި݂܂ͱ׽Z̎q0.1%ܲȂǑmnƂĂ[102]ްƱBͲި݂8F肵Ă邪AM{͂ǂF肵ĂȂި݂̑唼͊CݕɏZł[115]

20IIՂ21Ïږɂ˽Ưnⱼޱl̐VЉĂ2011N_ŏBl8.2%˽Ưn邢݌nil͖Ȃjł5.8%ޱnł[102]˽Ưnl2000N2010N̊Ԃ92%32͖kްƱɏZł[114]˽ƯnB͈ʂ̏BɔׂĐѓ̒lƊwXɂ[116]kްƱɂͤѐ푈ɑ傫Ȉږ̔gƂȂьn̐lX[117]܂Nnضl͋ߔNĂ褎̍̌n߂ĂĂ[118]̨݌nضlݥ۰ޒn45,000lZݤ̑ͱضCRȂnjR֌Wƌт‚Ă[119]

ްƱB̐l6.5%5Έȉ24.6%18Έȉƕ񍐂11.2%65Έȏł顏͐l̂悻51%ł

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2006N1115̕ێIً߽ްƱ𕪊邱Ƃ𓊕[Ō߂޲ł邱ƂJiՂ⑼̴ً߽̖qtɊւ̐̈Ӗ̋ͱضOO̒ĉʂݸضݥЭƵɑĂ邱Ƃ咣ĂްƱB@ł͋斯̋̏߂邱ƂF߂Ă邪͕̎Yɂ‚Č咣Ă顂̌ʋNYɊւiׂͤSIȴً߽ɂƂĎƂȂ[126]

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ްƱBɖ{n̂Ƃɂ͈ȉ̂悤Ȃ̂

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ضȎSisx]ɂĤްƱ̐k͑SĂ̋Ȃ̒BxŕψȏcĂްƱB̋̌n͏ɍ50B̒ŏ10ɓĂ[234]ޭݥ̢è£2011N񍐏łͤct12N܂ł̋ŤްƱB4ʂɈʒuÂĂ[235]wZ̋敪͑SްƱBȂ߂WɉĂKv褋Ȃ͐ѐӔCmۂ邽߂̢wK̕WƌĂ΂]F萧xێĂ[236]2010NBZ854NԂ̒ʏߒCɑƂ[237]2000N2008N̊ԂɊwZ̓wҐ5%t̐21%[238]

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w:Averett University
w:Bluefield College
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w:Christendom College
ؽ̧ƭ߰đw
College of Health Sciences
w:College of William and Mary
w:Eastern Mennonite University
Eastern Virginia Medical School
ECPI College of Technology
Edward Via Virginia College of Osteopathic Medicine
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Abrams, Ann Uhry (1999). The pilgrims and Pocahontas: rival myths of American origin. Boulder, CO: Westview Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=y4-ljMLfwp4C&pg=PR15. 
Accordino, John J. (2000). Captives of the Cold War Economy. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. . http://books.google.com/?id=S6TuEMY2clQC. 
Anderson, Fred (2000). Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754?1766. New York: Random House. . http://books.google.com/books?id=-vMxLslZopgC. 
Burnham, Bill; Burnham, Mary (2004). Hiking Virginia: A Guide to Virginia's Greatest Hiking Adventures. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot. . http://books.google.com/?id=VkKEooYDuToC. 
Carroll, Steven; Miller, Mark (2002). Wild Virginia: A Guide to Thirty Roadless Recreation Areas Including Shenandoah National Park. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot. . http://books.google.com/?id=ymATg0mq8jkC. 
Chambers, Douglas B. (2005). Murder at Montpelier: Igbo Africans in Virginia. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. . http://books.google.com/?id=vqpoxEl_0_4C&pg=PA10. 
Conlin, Joseph R. (2009). The American Past: A Survey of American History. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning. . http://books.google.com/?id=tT2AEMiUXvwC&pg=PT57. 
Cooper, Jean L. (2007). A Guide to Historic Charlottesville and Albemarle County, Virginia. Charleston, SC: The History Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=nCn4XrP_u0MC. 
Dailey, Jane Elizabeth; Gilmore, Glenda Elizabeth; Simon, Bryant (2000). Jumpin' Jim Crow: Southern Politics from Civil War to Civil Rights. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=yFvjsEYP7hAC&pg=PA90. 
Davis, David Brion (2006). Inhuman Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World. New York: Oxford University Press. . 
The Encyclopedia of Virginia. 1 (4 ed.). St. Clair Shores, MI: Somerset Publishers. (1999). . 
Feuer, A.B. (1999). The U.S. Navy in World War I: combat at sea and in the air. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group. . 
Fischer, David Hackett; Kelly, James C. (2000). Bound Away: Virginia and the Westward Movement. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. . 
Goodwin, Bill (2012). Frommer's Virginia (11 ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. . http://books.google.com/?id=l_JqVwS2krIC. 
Gordon, John Steele (2004). An Empire of Wealth: The Epic History of American Economic Power. New York: HarperCollins. . http://books.google.com/?id=rmsUs_KDgHAC&pg=PA17. 
Gray, Richard J.; Robinson, Owen (2004). A Companion to the Literature and Culture of the American South. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. . http://books.google.com/?id=v10uoRwUsuEC. 
Greenspan, Anders (2009). Creating Colonial Williamsburg: The Restoration of Virginia's Eighteenth-Century Capital (2 ed.). Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press. . 
Grizzard, Frank E.; Smith, D. Boyd (2007). Jamestown Colony: a political, social, and cultural history. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. . http://books.google.com/books?id=555CzPsGLDMC&pg=PA128. 
Gutzman, Kevin R. C. (2007). Virginia's American Revolution: From Dominion to Republic, 1776?1840. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. . 
Hashaw, Tim (2007). The Birth of Black America. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers. . 
Heinemann, Ronald L.; Kolp, John G.; Parent, Jr., Anthony S.; Shade, William G. (2007). Old Dominion, New Commonwealth. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. . 
Hoffer, Peter Charles (2006). The Brave New World: A History of Early America. Baltimore: JHU Press. . 
Howard, Blair; Burnham, Mary; Burnham, Bill (2006). The Virginia Handbook (3 ed.). Edison, NJ: Hunter Publishing. . http://books.google.com/?id=bX0t5dMokXYC. 
Hubbard, Jr., Bill (2009). American Boundaries: The Nation, the States, the Rectangular Survey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=LMacwod5KLwC&pg=PA140. 
Joseph, John Earl (2006). Language and Politics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=pJu5veUAo7kC&pg=PA63. 
McGraw, Eliza (June 24, 2005). Two Covenants: Representations of Southern Jewishness. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=EzR13rJBwc4C&pg=PA14. 
Miller, Kerby A.; Schrier, Arnold; Boling, Bruce D.; Doyle, David N. (2003). Irish immigrants in the land of Canaan. New York: Oxford University Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=bq79_YZ8ViIC. 
Moran, Michael G. (2007). Inventing Virginia: Sir Walter Raleigh and the Rhetoric of Colonization, 1584?1590. New York: Peter Lang. . 
Morgan, Lynda (1992). Emancipation in Virginia's Tobacco Belt, 1850?1870. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press. . 
Morgan, Philip D. (1998). Slave Counterpoint. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. . 
Palmer, Tim (1998). America by Rivers. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=ctA1eNFvI-oC&pg=PA49. 
Pazzaglia, Frank James (2006). Excursions in Geology and History: Field Trips in the Middle Atlantic States. Boulder, CO: Geological Society of America. . http://books.google.com/?id=vQdHRNitfOoC&pg=PA135. 
Pinn, Anthony B. (2009). African American Religious Cultures. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. . http://books.google.com/?id=xEEIY4Q1ZAIC&pg=PA175. 
Olitzky, Kerry (1996). The American Synagogue: A Historical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. . 
Scott, David L.; Scott, Kay W. (2004). Guide to the National Park Areas. Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot. . http://books.google.com/?id=Z8DCRmgPOewC&pg=PA307. 
Smith, Julian (2008). Moon Virginia: Including Washington, D.C. (4 ed.). Berkeley, CA: Avalon Travel. . http://books.google.com/?id=WNEYCRIIQy4C&pg=PA152. 
Robertson, James I. (1993). Civil War Virginia: Battleground for a Nation. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=RKDkDZ6GLPcC. 
Stewart, George (2008). Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States. New York: Random House. . 
Vollmann, William T. (2002). Argall: The True Story of Pocahontas and Captain John Smith. New York: Penguin Group. . http://books.google.com/?id=hh0WYbclptAC&pg=PA695. 
Wallenstein, Peter (2007). Cradle of America: Four Centuries of Virginia History. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. . http://books.google.com/?id=qiwSAAAAYAAJ. 
Williamson, CiCi (2008). The Best of Virginia Farms Cookbook and Tour Book. Birmingham, AL: Menasha Ridge Press. . http://books.google.com/?id=pnuFW6zT0T8C&pg=PA41. 

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