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  1. ^ Kijapani = “ú–{Œê¤Kiingereza = ‰pŒê¤‚È‚Ç
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  3. ^ ¢±×ËÞ±Œê‚̐¢ŠE@—ðŽj‚ÆŒ»Ý£p478@¹°½¥ÌªÙ½Ã°Í’˜@’·“n—zˆê–ó@ŽOÈ“°@2015”N9ŒŽ20“ú‘æ1ü
  4. ^ Nurse & Thomas Spear (1985) The Swahili
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  6. ^ Kharusi, N. S. (2012). The ethnic label Zinjibari: Politics and language choice implications among Swahili speakers in Oman. Ethnicities 12(3) 335?353, http://etn.sagepub.com/content/12/3/335
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  8. ^ E.A. Alpers, Ivory and Slaves in East Central Africa, London, 1975, pp. 98?99 ; T. Vernet, "Les cit?s-Etats swahili et la puissance omanaise (1650?1720), Journal des Africanistes, 72(2), 2002, pp. 102?105.
  9. ^ Lemelle, Sidney J. "'Ni wapi Tunakwenda': Hip Hop Culture and the Children of Arusha." In The Vinyl Ain't Final: Hip Hop and the Globalization of Black Popular Culture, ed. by Dipannita Basu and Sidney J. Lemelle, 230-54. London; Ann Arbor, Michigan. Pluto Pres
  10. ^ ¢±×ËÞ±Œê‚̐¢ŠE@—ðŽj‚ÆŒ»Ý£p478@¹°½¥ÌªÙ½Ã°Í’˜@’·“n—zˆê–ó@ŽOÈ“°@2015”N9ŒŽ20“ú‘æ1ü
  11. ^ ¢V‘±ÌضŽj£‘æ8”Łi‹{–{³‹»¥¼“c‘f“ñ•Òj¤2003”N2ŒŽ20“úiu’kŽÐŒ»‘ãV‘jpp244-247
  12. ^ ¢±Ìض‚Ì‚±‚Ƃ΂ƎЉï@‘½Œ¾Œêó‹µ‚𐶂«‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ£pp388-392@Š–ÎŽ÷+»–ìK–«•Ò’˜@ŽOŒ³ŽÐ@2009”N4ŒŽ30“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
  13. ^ “ú–{Œê‚ł͕ꉹ‚̘A‘±‚ͤ‘‚¢”­‰¹‚Å‚Í“ñd•ê‰¹‚ɤ‚ä‚Á‚­‚è‚Æ‚µ‚½’š”J‚È”­‰¹‚Å‚Í˱°Ä©½‚É‚È‚éŒXŒü‚ª‚ ‚é¡
  14. ^ w±Ìض‚ð’m‚鎖“Tx¤•½–}ŽÐ¤ 1989”N2ŒŽ6“ú¤‰”Å‘æ1ü¤p.232
  15. ^ ¢Œ»‘ã±Ìض‚Ì–¯‘°ŠÖŒW£ŠŽû¢–¯‘°‚Ì‹¤‘¶¥Œð—¬‚Ì‚©‚½‚¿@ˆê‹ãŽµZ”N‘㤺ݺށi‹Œ»Þ²°Ùj“Œ•”‚É‚¨‚¯‚鑽Œ¾Œê•¹—p‚Ì“®‘Ô‚©‚磐ԍ⌫@2001”N¤¤pp.248-249
  16. ^ w–¯ŽåŽå‹`‚ª±ÌضŒoÏ‚ðŽE‚·: Å’ê•Ó‚Ì10‰­l‚̍‘‚Å‹N‚«‚Ä‚¢‚é^ŽÀxp92-93¤ŠÃ‘Œ’qŽq–ó¤“úŒoBPŽÐ¤2010”N1ŒŽ18“ú
  17. ^ ¢±Ìض‚Ì‚±‚Ƃ΂ƎЉï@‘½Œ¾Œêó‹µ‚𐶂«‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ£pp407-409@Š–ÎŽ÷+»–ìK–«•Ò’˜@ŽOŒ³ŽÐ@2009”N4ŒŽ30“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
  18. ^ ¢Ž–“T¢ŠE‚Ì‚±‚Æ‚Î141£p496@Š–ÎŽ÷¥’†“‡—R”ü¥—Ñ“O•Ò@‘åCŠÙ‘“X@2009”N4ŒŽ20“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
  19. ^ ¢¹Æ±‚ð’m‚邽‚ß‚Ì55Í£pp228-229@¼“c‘f“ñ¥’Óc‚Ý‚í•Ò’˜@–¾Î‘“X@2012”N7ŒŽ1“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
  20. ^ ¢Œ¾Œê“I‘½—l«‚Ʊ²ÃÞÝè褴½Æ¼Ã¨¤‚»‚µ‚Äż®ÅØè@¹Æ±‚ÌŒ¾Œê“®‘Ô£•iì‘å•ãi¢±Ìض‚Ì‚±‚Ƃ΂ƎЉï@‘½Œ¾Œêó‹µ‚𐶂«‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ£ŠŽû@pp335-336@Š–ÎŽ÷+»–ìK–«•Ò’˜@ŽOŒ³ŽÐ@2009”N4ŒŽ30“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
  21. ^ ¢±Ìض‚Ì‚±‚Ƃ΂ƎЉï@‘½Œ¾Œêó‹µ‚𐶂«‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ£pp352-354@Š–ÎŽ÷+»–ìK–«•Ò’˜@ŽOŒ³ŽÐ@2009”N4ŒŽ30“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
  22. ^ ¢±Ìض‚Ì‚±‚Ƃ΂ƎЉï@‘½Œ¾Œêó‹µ‚𐶂«‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤‚±‚Æ£p240@Š–ÎŽ÷+»–ìK–«•Ò’˜@ŽOŒ³ŽÐ@2009”N4ŒŽ30“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
  23. ^ http://www.sfs.osaka-u.ac.jp/jpn/edu_fl_swa.html@‘åã‘åŠwŠO‘ŒêŠw•”½ÜË،êêU
  24. ^ ¢±ÌضŠw“ü–å@Î߯Ì߶ÙÁ¬°‚©‚琭Ž¡ŒoÏ‚Ü‚Å£p311@ät“c¸×°¾Ý‚³‚â‚©•Ò@–¾Î‘“X@2010”N7ŒŽ10“ú‰”Å‘æ1ü
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