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As shown on the coat of arms
Timeline: Republic of the Congo
John F. Clark, "Congo: Transition and the Struggle to Consolidate", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. John F. Clark and David E. Gardinier, page 65.
Clark, "Congo: Transition and the Struggle to Consolidate", page 69.

2. Timeline: Republic of the Congo
3. John F. Clark, "Congo: Transition and the Struggle to Consolidate", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. John F. Clark and David E. Gardinier, page 65.
4. Clark, "Congo: Transition and the Struggle to Consolidate", page 69.

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