µ°½Ä×ر
¥l‹C‹LŽ–×ݷݸÞ
øê1.ŠT—v
‘–ʐς͐¢ŠE‘æ6ˆÊ‚Å‚ ‚顋ߗ׏”‘‚Æ‚µ‚Ăͤ–k‚ÉÊßÌ߱ƭ°·ÞƱ¥²ÝÄÞȼ±¥“ŒÃ¨Ó°Ù¤–k“Œ‚É¿ÛÓݏ”“‡¥ÊÞDZ¤“Œ‚ÍÄݶޤƭ°¶ÚÄÞƱ¤“ì“Œ2,000kmæ‚ÉÆ­°¼Þ°×ÝÄނª‚ ‚é¡
2014”N¤“¯‘‚̈êl“–‚½‚è‚̍‘–¯Š“¾‚͐¢ŠE‘æ5ˆÊ‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½[7]¡“¯‘‚͍‘Û˜A‡¤G20¤²·Þؽ˜A–M¤ANZUS¤ŒoÏ‹¦—ÍŠJ”­‹@\ (OECD)¤¢ŠE–fˆÕ‹@ŠÖ¤±¼Þ±‘¾•½—mŒoÏ‹¦—Í‹y‚Ñ‘¾•½—m”“‡Ì«°×щÁ–¿‘‚Å‚ ‚é¡
18¢‹I––Šú‚É‚¨‚¯‚éÅ‰‚̲·Þؽ‚̐A–¯‚܂ł̏­‚È‚­‚Æ‚à4–œ”N‚ÌŠÔ[8][9][9]¤‚¨‚¨‚æ‚»250‚ÌŒ¾Œê¸ÞÙ°Ì߂ɕª—Þ‚³‚ê‚錾Œê˜bŽÒ‚̐æZ–¯‚ª‹Z‚µ‚Ä‚«‚½[11][12][13]¡”Þ‚ç‚̐H•¶‰»ÌÞ¯¼­¥À¯¶°‚Í1970”N‘ã‚©‚璍–Ú‚³‚ꂽ¡
1606”N‚É‚¨‚¯‚éµ×ÝÀސl’TŒŸ‰Æ‚É‚æ‚éÖ°Û¯Ê߂̵°½Ä×ر‘å—¤”­Œ©Œã¤1770”N‚ɲ·Þؽ‚ª“¯‘å—¤‚Ì“Œ”¼•ª‚ð—Ì—LŽå’£‚µ¤1788”N1ŒŽ26“ú‚©‚çÆ­°»³½³ª°Ù½ÞB‚̐A–¯’n‚ɏ‰‚ß‚Ä—¬ŒY‚ð’Ê‚¶‚Ä’èZ‚ªŠJŽn‚³‚ꂽ¡‚»‚ÌŒã‚̐”\”NŠÔ‚Å“¯‘å—¤‚Ì’²¸‚ªs‚í‚ꤐlŒû‚Í’…ŽÀ‚É‘‰Á‚µ¤‚³‚ç‚É5‚‚̎©Ž¡‰¤—̐A–¯’n‚ªÝ—§‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½¡
19¢‹I‘O”¼‚ÉÒØɎí‚Ì–q—r‚ª•‹y‚µ‚½¡1859”N‚ÉŽ‚¿ž‚ñ‚¾³»·Þ‚ª–q‘‚ðH‚Á‚Ä‚µ‚Ü‚¢¤—r–ѐ¶ŽY—Ê‚ðŒ¸‚¶‚½¡ÊÞ»°½Ä‚ÉŽn‚Ü‚Á‚½ºÞ°ÙÄÞׯ¼­‚ÌŠJ‘ñŽÒ‚ɐH‚킹‚é“÷‚ª•K—v‚¾‚Á‚½¡19¢‹IŒã”¼‚É‚Í“S“¹‚ª•~Ý‚³‚ê‚Ä‚ä‚«¤¹°ÌÞÙ¥±ÝÄޥܲÔÚ½‚ª—¤—g‚°‚ð‰Ê‚µ‚½¡ŒoÏ‚Í—r–Ñ‚©‚ç¼Þؕn‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ĥ‹`‘¯È¯ÄÞ¥¹Ø°‚ªo‚½¡”Þ‚ÍÒÙÎÞÙݖœ‘”Ž——‰ï‚ÌŠúŠÔ’†‚ɏˆŒY‚³‚ꂽ¡ÍÞ±Øݸދ°Q‚ª‹¿‚¢‚Ä1893”N5ŒŽ“ªÊÞݸÎØÃÞ°‚ɊׂÁ‚½¡
1901”N1ŒŽ1“ú¤6‚‚̐A–¯’n‚ª˜A‡‚µ˜A–M‚ðŒ`¬Œã¤6‚‚̏B‹y‚Ñ‚»‚Ì‘¼“Á•Ê’nˆæ‚©‚琬‚é˜A–M‹c‰@“àŠt§‹y‚Ñ—§Œ›ŒNŽå§‚Ì–ðŠ„‚ð‰Ê‚½‚·ˆÀ’肵‚½Ž©—R–¯ŽåŽå‹`‚̐­Ž¡‘̐§‚ðˆÛŽ‚µ‚Ä‚«‚½¡2,360–œ‚̐lŒû‚ͤ‚“x‚É“sŽs‰»‚³‚ꂽ“Œ•”‚̏B‹y‚щˆŠÝ•”‚É‚©‚È‚èW’†‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é[14]¡Êß؍u˜a‰ï‹c‚ɂͤŽñ‘ŠË­°½Þ‚ª‘SŒ ‘ã•\‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŽQ‰Á‚µ‚½¡‘¾•½—m‚Ì‹ŒÄ޲—̏”“‡‚Ì‹A‘®‚ɂ‚¢‚Ăͤ“ú–{‚ÆŒƒ‚µ‚­‘ˆ‚Á‚½––‚ɤÔ“¹‚ð‹²‚ñ‚Å–k‘¤‚ð“ú–{‚ª¤“쑤‚ðµ°½Ä×ر‚ªCŽ®ˆÏ”C“Ž¡—Ì‚Æ‚µ‚ÄŠm•Û‚·‚邱‚Æ‚Å‘ÃŒ‹‚µ‚½¡‚Ü‚½¤“ú–{‚ª’ñˆÄ‚µ‚½lŽí•½“™ˆÄi‘Û˜A–¿‹K–ñ‚ւ̐lŽí·•Ê“P”pð€‘}“üj‚ɑ΂µ‚ĂͶÅÀނƋ¤‚É”½‘΂µ¤‚±‚ê‚ð‘jŽ~‚µ‚½¡Ü¼ÝÄ݉ï‹c‚ł͉ᒠ‚ÌŠO‚É’u‚©‚ꂽ‚ª¤1925”N‚É‚Í‘¾•½—m–â‘è’²¸‰ï‚ªÎÉÙقŔ­‘«¤1961”N‚Ü‚ÅŠˆ“®‚µ‚½¡
1950”N¤Ì×ݸ¥ÌªÅ°”ŽŽmiFrank Fennerj‚ªŽwŠö‚·‚é’²¸‚Ì‚ ‚Ƥ–ì³»·Þ‚ð‹ìœ‚·‚邽‚ß”S‰tæùÇ³²Ù½i“V‘R“—‚̉“‚¢e—ށj‚ªŽT‚©‚ꂽ¡”¼”N‘«‚炸‚Å– ‰„‚µ¤ŒÂ‘̐”‚ð“ñ“x‚Ɣɉh‚Å‚«‚È‚¢”‚É‚Ü‚ÅŒ¸‚炵‚½¡
1960”N‘ã‚Æ1970”N‘ã‚ÍŒƒ“®Šú‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½¡—r–ÑŽå‘Ì‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½ŽY‹Æ\‘¢‚͍z‹ÆŽå‘Ì‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½¡‚±‚ÌŠÔ‚É‚Ü‚¸Îß¾²ÄÞÝ¥ÊÞÌÞقª‹N‚«‚½¡‚»‚ê‚©‚獑Û“I‚É’x‚ê‚Ä•Ï“®ˆ×‘Ö‘Šê§‚ð‚Æ‚Á‚½¡‚Ü‚½¤‚±‚ÌŠúŠÔ‚ɵ°½Ä×رŒn‹âs‚Í“ú–{¥`¥ÏÚ°”¼“‡‚ðœ‚­‹É“Œ’nˆæ‚ÅŽx“X”‚𑝂₵‚½¡1961”N‚É‚½‚Á‚½12“X•Ü‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½‚Ì‚ª1978”N‚É528“X•Ü‚ƂȂ褂±‚ê‚Ù‚Ç‚Ì‹}“WŠJ‚ð”ŠO‘‚Ì‹âs‚ÉŒ©‚邱‚Æ‚Í‚Å‚«‚È‚©‚Á‚½[15]¡1986”N¤Û²½Þ‹âs‚ª½ÀÝÀÞ°ÄÞÁ¬°À°Äދâs‚É”ƒŽû‚ð‚µ‚©‚¯‚½‚Æ‚«¤Žå–ð‚ÌÛÊްĥΰѽޥ±º°Ä¤HSBC‚Ì•ï‹Ê„¤Ò²ÊÞݸ‚̸°¥Ã¸ÊÞ¤ˆÈã‚ÌŽOl‚ª‘jŽ~‚ɐ¬Œ÷‚µ‚½[16][17]¡ÛÊްĂ̏og‚Ͳ·Þؽ‚ÌͲÂÍÞØ°iHeytesburyj’jŽÝ‚Ì联´‚Å‚ ‚邪¤Í²ÂÍÞØ°‚Í19¢‹I‰Šú‚Ì•…”s‘I‹“‹æ‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½¡ÎܲÄÅ²Ä‚ð‰‰‚¶‚½ÛÊްĂͤ½ÀÝÀÞ°ÄÞÁ¬°À°Äދâs‚ÌįÌߥÏȼÞÒÝĂɌ}‚¦‚ç‚ꂽ[18]¡¸°¥Ã¸ÊނͽÀÝÀÞ°ÄÞÁ¬°À°Äދâs‚̏d–ð‚ðŽ«‚ß‚½[17]¡ˆê”ԏã‚Ì‘§Žq緖œ•ŸiKhuu Ban Hockj‚ÍÌÞÙȲ‘—§‹âsiNational Bank of BruneijŒ³‰ï’·‚Å‚ ‚Á‚½‚ª¤“¯s‚Å‹à—Z”ƍ߂Ɏè‚ðõ‚ߐ܂舫‚­—Lß‚ð”F‚ß‚Ä‚¢‚½[19][20]¡ÌÞÙȲ‘—§‹âs‚͸°‚ª‰¤‘°‚ƏoŽ‘Š„‡7‘Î3‚Å1965”N‚É‘n—§‚µ‚½‚ª[21][22]¤ÌÞÙȲ’ʉ݈ψõ‰ï‚̐ݗ§‚ª2”NŒã‚Å‚ ‚é‚Ì‚Æ”ä‚ׂđ‚¢¡‚±‚Ì1986”N‚É‚ÍHSBC‚ƍ§ˆÓ‚Ì—›‰Ã½‚ª–œ‰ÈéŽs‰Ô??šÎiVanke City Gardenj‚𒆍‘Œõ‘å¸ÞÙ°Ì߂ɔ„‹p‚µ“à•”ŽÒŽæˆø‚Æ‚µ‚Ä”ñ“ï‚𗁂тĂ¢‚邪[23]¤2000”NPowercor Australia ‚𔃎û[24]¤2013”NPAe‰ïŽÐ‚Ì“ìµ°½Ä×ر“d—Í‚ÌŽ‚—˜Œ ‚ð‚ß‚®‚Á‚ĐŖ±‚ƏՓ˂µ[25]¤2017”N1ŒŽŒ»Ý‚à“d—ÍŽ–‹Æ‚Ì”ƒŽû‚𑱂¯‚Ä‚¢‚é[26]¡2014”N7ŒŽ¤ÏÚ°¼±¥²ÝÄÞȼ±¥ÍÞÄÅъe‘­•{‚Š¯‚ÆŠÖŒW‚·‚鉘E‚ɂ‚¢‚Ĥ‰ß‹Ž‚Ì‚à‚Ì‚ðŠÜ‚Þ‚ ‚ç‚ä‚éÒÃÞ¨±‚ª­•{‚Ì–½—ß‚ÅŒŸ‰{‚ðŽó‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚½‚±‚Æ‚ª¤µ°½Ä×ر€”õ‹âs‹Ø‚ų¨·Ø°¸½‚ÌŒöŠJ‚É‚æ‚è–¾‚ç‚©‚Æ‚È‚Á‚½i‰pŒê‚É‚æ‚éÚ×j¡‚±‚Ì—‚”N‚ÉÏÚ°¼±‚Å1MDB ‚ð‚ß‚®‚鉘E‚ª•ñ“¹‚³‚ê¤ÊßÅϕ¶‘‚ª‘{¸‚ÉŠˆ—p‚³‚ꂽ¡
2017”N8ŒŽ24“ú¤ÙÊ߰ĥϰÄÞ¯¸‚Ì’·’jiLachlan Murdochj‚ðŠ²Ž–‚Æ‚·‚éºÝ¿°¼±Ñ‚ª‘åŽèÒÃÞ¨±iTen Network Holdingsj‚𔃎û‚·‚邱‚Ƃɂ‚¢‚Ĥµ°½Ä×رŒöŽæˆÏ‰ï’·iRod Simsj‚Í‹£‘ˆ‚ð‘jŠQ‚·‚é‚à‚Ì‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚Æ‚¢‚¤º–¾‚ðo‚µ‚½[27]¡
[6]ŽŸÍß°¼Þ
(2.‘–¼)

7. Data refer mostly to the year 2014. World Economic Outlook Database-April 2015, International Monetary Fund. Accessed on 25 April 2015.
8. Wade, Nicholas (2011”N9ŒŽ22“ú). gAustralian Aborigine Hair Tells a Story of Human Migrationh. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/23/science/23aborigines.html 
9. gEuropean discovery and the colonisation of Australiah. Australian Government: Culture Portal. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Commonwealth of Australia (2008”N1ŒŽ11“ú). 2010”N5ŒŽ7“ú‰{——¡ g[The British] moved north to Port Jackson on 26 January 1788, landing at Camp Cove, known as 'cadi' to the Cadigal people. Governor Phillip carried instructions to establish the first British Colony in Australia. The First Fleet was under prepared for the task, and the soil around Sydney Cove was poor.h
10. Davison, Hirst and Macintyre, pp. 157, 254.
11. gBoth Australian Aborigines and Europeans Rooted in Africa ? 50,000 years agoh. News.softpedia.com. 2013”N4ŒŽ27“ú‰{——¡
12. gAustralian Social Trendsh. Australian Bureau of Statistics website. Commonwealth of Australia. 2008”N6ŒŽ6“ú‰{——¡
13. Walsh, Michael (1991) "Overview of indigenous languages of Australia" in Suzanne Romaine (1991). Language in Australia. Cambridge University Press. p. 27. . https://books.google.com/books?ei=LQjdVLuJC8K-ggSYk4HYCg&id=odXuIsxHaOYC&dq=Suzanne+Romaine+%28ed.%29+Language+in+Australia&q=Overview+of+indigenous+languages+of+Australia#v=snippet&q=Overview%20of%20indigenous%20languages%20of%20Australia&f=false. 
14. gGeographic Distribution of the Populationh. 2012”N12ŒŽ1“ú‰{——¡
15. U. S. House Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs, Foreign Bank Operations and Acquisitions in the United States Hearings, Part. 1. September 1980. pp.936. 938. "Grobal Network of Overseas Branches and Agencies"
16. Æ­°Ö°¸¥À²Ñ½Þ INTERNATIONAL REPORT; BRITISH BANK'S NEW INVESTORS Published: July 21, 1986
17. TheTelegraph Standard Chartered 'white knight' dies By Danielle Rossingh 12:01AM GMT 23 Feb 2004
18. Anna Pao Sohmen, Y.K. Pao: My Father, Hong Kong University Press, 2012, p.149.
19. JOC.com BRUNEI BANK SCANDAL TALKS OPEN Feb 18, 1987
20. 6‚‚à—]ß‚ª‚ ‚Á‚½¡Peter H. L. Lim, Chronicle of Singapore, 1959-2009: Fifty Years of Headline News, Editions Didier Millet, 2009, p.213.
21. NationalLibraryBoardSingapore, SingaporeInfopedia Khoo Teck Puat: "National Bank of Brunei controversy"i–c‘å‚ȏoŠ’‚̂‚¢‚½M—Š«‚̍‚‚¢î•ñ¿°½j
22. ãŒ´Œ’‘¾˜Y ÌÞÙȲ¥ÀÞٻװтɂ¨‚¯‚é²½×°Ñ‹à—Z•”–å‚ÌŒ`¬‚Æ‚»‚Ì“Á’¥ ²½×°Ñ¢ŠEŒ¤‹† ‘æ8Šª@2015”N3ŒŽ pp.194-206.
23. South China Morning Post, 22 October 1986
24. ³«°Ù½ÄØ°Ä¥¼Þ¬°ÅÙ Cheung Kong Infrastructure to Buy Powercor Australia for $1.35 Billion Updated Aug. 4, 2000
25. Û²À° Firms controlled by Asia's richest man face Australian tax fight Wed Oct 2, 2013
26. Æ­°Ö°¸¥À²Ñ½Þ Li Ka-shing Sweetens Deal for Australian Energy Company JAN 16, 2017
27. Û²À° Australia antitrust regulator clears Murdoch to buy Ten Network August 24, 2017

ù~–ÚŽŸ‚É–ß‚é
o“T:Wikipedia
2018/02/18 12:01
ù¿l‹C‹LŽ–×ݷݸÞ
2018/02/19 XV
 1ˆÊªŽl“úŽs¼Þ¬½ºŒë”F‘ߕߎ€–SŽ–Œ
 2ˆÊ«‰H¶Œ‹Œ·
 3ˆÊª‰õ“í‘àÙÊßÝÚݼެ°VSŒxŽ@í‘àÊßÄÚݼެ°
 4ˆÊª”’–é
 5ˆÊª–°‹¶Žl˜Y
£ã‚É–ß‚é
[9]WikipediaįÌß
[0]gooįÌß
¡–Ɛӎ–€
(C)NTT Resonant