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D. R. McCullough, S. Takatsuki, and K. Kaji (2009). Sika Deer Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations. Springer. . 
S. D. Ohdachi, Y. Ishibashi, M. A. Iwasa, and T. Saitoh (2009-07). The Wild Mammals of Japan. Shoukadoh. . 
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í“c–M•F¢¼¶ŒÂ‘ÌŒQ‚̐§ŒÀ—vˆö‚Æ‚µ‚Ă̵µ¶Ð£¤wšM“û—މȊwx‘æ35Šª‘æ1†¤1995”N¤ 45-48•Å¡
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M. R. Conover (1995”N). gWhat is the urban deer problem and where did it come from?h. Urban Deer: A Manageable Resource? Proc. of the 1993 Symposium of the North Central Section, The Wildlife Society: 11-18. 
ŽRŒûMˆê¥–’¥a’J³l¥‚‹´–MG¢ŽU•zŽíŽq‚¨‚æ‚Ñ–„“yŽíŽq‚©‚ç‚Ý‚½´¿Þ¼¶‚–§“x¶‘§’n‚É‚¨‚¯‚éA¶‰ñ•œ‚̉”\«£¤wX—Ñ—§’nx‘æ39Šª‘æ2†¤X—Ñ—§’nŠw‰ï¤1997”N12ŒŽ25“ú¤ 94-100•Å¡
A. J. DeNicola, S. J. Weber, C. A. Bridges, and J. L. Stokes. (1997”N). gNontraditional techniques for management of overabundant deer populationsh. Wildlife Society Bulletin. 25 (2): 496-499. 
ŠŒõˆê¥¼“c—T”V¥‰F–ì—T”V¥•½ì_•¶¥‹Ê“cŽ–¤¥Ö“¡—²¢“ú–{Še’nˆæ‚É‚¨‚¯‚鼶ŠÇ—‚ÌŒ»ó ´¿Þ¼¶ŒÂ‘ÌŒQ‚ÌŠÇ—•û–@‚Æ‚»‚̉ۑ裤wšM“û—މȊwx‘æ38Šª‘æ2†¤1998”N¤ 301-313•Å¡
‰F–ì—T”V¥‰¡ŽR^‹|¥‚‹´ŠwŽ@¢–kŠC“¹ˆ¢Š¦‘—§Œö‰€‚É‚¨‚¯‚é´¿Þ¼¶iCervus nippon yesoensisj‚Ì“~ŠúŽ€–S£¤wšM“û—މȊwx‘æ38Šª‘æ2†¤2002”N¤ 233-246•Å¡
Ž›ˆä—T”ü¥ŽÄ“c¹ŽO¢ÐÔº»Þ»‚̈ێ‚ÆŽ÷–ØŽÀ¶‚̍XV‚É´¿Þ¼¶‚̍̐H‚ª—^‚¦‚é‰e‹¿£¤wX—ÑŒ¤‹†x‘æ74Šª¤2002”N¤ 77-86•Å¡
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í“c–M•F¥’¹‹•q’j¥‹{–؉ë”ü¥‰ª“cG–¾¥¬•½^²•v¥ÎìK’j¥²“¡Œª¥ŠŒõˆê¢’m°‚ð‘ΏۂƂµ‚½¶‘ÔŒnŠÇ—‚Æ‚µ‚Ă̼¶ŠÇ—‚ÌŽŽ‚Ý£¤w•Û‘S¶‘ÔŠwŒ¤‹†x‘æ9Šª‘æ2†¤2004”N¤ 193-202•Å¡
K. Kaji, H. Okada, M. Yamanaka, H. Matsuda and T. Yabe (2004”N). gIrruption of a colonizing sika deer populationh. Journal of Wildlife Management 68 (4): 889-899. 
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Hubbard, R. D. and C. K. Nielsen. (2009”N). gWhite-tailed deer attacking humans during the fawning season: a unique human-wildlife conflict on a university campush. Human-Wildlife Conflicts 3: 129-135. 
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