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±Òض‡O‘‚ÌŽs–¯Œ i‚ ‚ß‚è‚©‚ª‚Á‚µ‚イ‚±‚­‚Ì‚µ‚Ý‚ñ‚¯‚ñ¤‰pŒê: Citizenship in the United Statesj‚Ƃͤ±Òض‡O‘‚Ì–@—¥ã‚̍\¬ˆõ‚É•t—^‚³‚ꂽ¤“Á’è‚ÌŒ —˜¤Œ ŒÀ¤‹`–±¤‰¶Œb‚𔺂¤ŽÐ‰ï“I’nˆÊ¤–”‚Í—§ê‚Å‚ ‚é¡

ŠT—v[•ÒW]

‡O‘Œ›–@‚ÌŽs–¯Œ ð€iCitizenship Clausej‚ɏ]‚Á‚Ĥ±Òض‡O‘—Ì“y“à‚ŏo¶‚µ‚½Žq¤‡O‘Žs–¯‚Ì•ƒ‹y‚Ñ•ê‚̉º‚ɐ¶‚܂ꂽŽq¤Žs–¯Œ Žæ“¾ŽÒ(Naturalized citizen)‚ͤŽ©“®“I‚ɱÒض‡O‘‚ÌŽs–¯‚ƂȂ蓯‘‚̍\¬ˆõ‚Æ‚È‚é[1]¡

Žs–¯Œ ‚ͤl‚ª±Òض‡O‘‚É‚¨‚¢‚Ä“­‚«¤¶Šˆ‚µ¤˜A–M­•{‚Ì»°ËÞ½‚≇•‚ðŽó‚¯‚ç‚ê‚é‚ȂǤ‚»‚̐l•¨‚ªˆê˜A‚ÌŒ —˜‚⌠ŒÀ‚ðŽ‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‚©‚Ç‚¤‚©Ž¯•Ê‚·‚邽‚ß‚Ì–@“IŽw•W‚ƂȂ顱Òض‚Ì–@—¥‚łͤŠO‘Ð‚̐l•¨‚łऱÒض‡O‘‚ÌŽs–¯Œ ‚ðŽæ“¾‚·‚邱‚Ƃ͉”\‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é[1]¡Žs–¯Œ ‚ðŽæ“¾‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢ŠO‘Ðl‚ͤ±ÒضÝZŽÒ‚Å‚ ‚Á‚ĂऱÒض‡O‘‚ÌŽs–¯Œ •ÛŽŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚ÌŽs–¯‚É‚Í‚È‚ç‚È‚¢¡

Žs–¯Œ ‚ͤ‚»‚̏ŠŽŽÒ‚ª•úŠü‚·‚邱‚Æ‚à‚Å‚«‚é¡‚Ü‚½­•{‚É‚æ‚Á‚Ä”’D‚³‚ꂽê‡Žs–¯Œ ‚͏Á–Å‚·‚邪¤Žs–¯Œ ‚̉ñ•œ‚à‰Â”\‚È‚à‚Ì‚Æ‚È‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é¡

‚È‚¨¤•Ä‘‘Ð–@‚łͤ“ñd‘Ð‚ÉŠÖ‚µ‚Ä“Á‚ÉŒ¾‹y‚Í‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢[2]¡±Òض‡O‘­•{‚Í“ñd‘Ð‚Ì‘¶Ý‚ð”F‚ߤ•Ä‘l‚ª‘¼‚̍‘Ð‚ðŽ‚Â‚±‚Æ‚ð”F‚ß‚Ä‚Í‚¢‚邪¤•ûj‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Í“ñd‘Ð‚ðŽxŽ‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢[2]¡

¶“¾Œ [•ÒW]

¶“¾Œ ‚Ƃͤ¶‚Ü‚ê‚È‚ª‚玝‚ÂŒ —˜‚Ì‚±‚Æ¡±Òض‡O‘Œ›–@C³‘æ14ð‚ɏ]‚¢¤±Òض‡O‘‚Ì—Ì“y“à‚ŏo¶‚·‚é‚Ƥ±Òض‡O‘‚ÌŽs–¯Œ ‚¨‚æ‚ÑÊß½Î߰Ăª•t—^‚³‚ê‚é[1]¡íŽž’†‚É‚¨‚¯‚é“G‘l‚͏œ‚©‚ê‚é¡”N—î‚É‚æ‚褓Š•[‚ÌŒ —˜‚ðŽ‚Ä‚È‚¢¤ˆùŽð‚ª‚Å‚«‚È‚¢‚ȂǤ–@“I‚É‚¢‚­‚‚©‚̉¶Œb‚ª§ŒÀ‚³‚ê‚é¡

Žæ“¾[•ÒW]

—vŒ[•ÒW]

ˆÚ–¯‚È‚ÇŽs–¯Œ ‚ðŽ‚½‚È‚¢ŽÒ‚ª±Òض‡O‘‚ÌŽs–¯Œ ‚ð\¿‚·‚éê‡¤‹K’è‚̍‘“à‹Z”N”‚ð–ž‚½‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚邱‚Ƥdß‚Ì—Lß”»Œˆ‚ðŽó‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢‚±‚ƤˆÚ–¯‹Ç‚Ì”»’f‚Å‚»‚̐l•¨‚ªŒ’‘S‚Ȑ¸_‚ð‚à‚Á‚Ä‚¢‚é‚Æ”»’f‚³‚ê‚邱‚Ƥ±Òض‡O‘Œ›–@‚ÉŠÖ‚·‚é’mŽ¯‚ª‚ ‚邱‚Ƥ˜V—îŽÒ‚âáŠQ‚ðŽ‚ÂŽÒ‚ðœ‚«‰pŒê‚ð—‰ð‚µ˜b‚¹‚邱‚ƂȂǤ‚¢‚­‚‚©‚Ì—vŒ‚ð–ž‚½‚·‚±‚Æ‚ð‹‚ß‚ç‚ê‚é¡ŠÇŠ“–‹Ç‚ͤUSCIS - U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services¡

é¾[•ÒW]

V‚½‚ɱÒض‡O‘Žs–¯‚Æ‚È‚éˆÚ–¯‚ͤ¢Fourth of July ‹A‰»¾ÚÓÆ°iFourth of July, Naturalization Ceremonyj£‚⢋A‰»é¾¾ÚÓÆ°iNaturalization Oath Ceremonyj£‚ƌĂ΂ê‚éé¾Ž®‚ɏoÈ‚µ[3]¤‚·‚ׂĂ̈ږ¯‚Í‚»‚̏ê‚Å¢Oath of Allegiancei’‰½‚̐¾‚¢j£‚ƌĂ΂ê‚餱Òض‡O‘‚ɑ΂µ‚Ä’‰½‚𐾂¤é¾‚ðs‚¤¡

Oath of Allegiance i’‰½‚̐¾‚¢j‚ɂͤ‰º‹L‚Ì“à—e‚ªŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é¡

±Òض‡O‘Œ›–@‚Ö‚Ì’‰½‚̐¾‚¢
ˆÈ‘O•ÛŽ‚µ‚½‚·‚ׂĂ̊O‘‚Ö‚Ì’‰½‚Ì•úŠü‚̐¾‚¢
‘“àŠO‚Ì“G‚©‚ç±Òض‡O‘Œ›–@‚ðŽç‚鐾‚¢
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‘‰Æ‚̑厖‚̍ۤ–@—¥‚ª’è‚ß‚½Žs–¯‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚Ì‹`–±‚ð‰Ê‚½‚·–ñ‘©

Žs–¯Œ ‚ÉŠÖ˜A‚·‚邱‚Æ[•ÒW]

‘“yˆÀ‘S•ÛáÈ‚͍‡O‘Žs–¯‚ÌŒ —˜‚Æ‹`–±‚Æ‚µ‚Ĉȉº‚̍€–Ú‚ð‹“‚°‚Ä‚¢‚é[4]¡

Œ —˜[•ÒW]

Ž©ŒÈ•\Œ»‚ÌŽ©—R
Ž©ŒÈ‚Ì—~‹‚ÉŠî‚­—ç”q‚ÌŽ©—R
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ŒöE‘I‹“‚Ì“Š•[
Žs–¯Œ ‚ª•K—v‚ȘA–ME‚ւ̉ž•å
ŒöE‘I‹“‚ւ̏o”n
¶–½¤Ž©—R¤‹y‚эK•Ÿ’Ç‹‚ÌŽ©—R

‹`–±[•ÒW]

Œ›–@‚ÌŽxŽ‚Æ–h‰q
’nˆæŽÐ‰ï‚ÉŠÖ‚í‚é–â‘è‚ւ̊֐S
–¯Žå“IÌßÛ¾½‚Ö‚ÌŽQ‰Á
˜A–M¤B¤’nˆæ‚Ì–@‚Ì‘¸d‚Æ•ž]
‘¼l‚ÌŒ —˜¤Mð¤ˆÓŒ©‚Ì‘¸d
˜A–M¤B¤’nˆæ“–‹Ç‚ւ̐³’¼‚©‚Â’x‚ê‚Ì‚È‚¢Š“¾Å‹y‚Ñ‚»‚Ì‘¼‚̐ł̔[Å
µW‚³‚ꂽŽž‚Ì”†R–ð–±
—LŽ–‚̍ۂ̍‘‰Æ–h‰q

‚»‚Ì‘¼[•ÒW]

ŠCŠO—·sŽž‚̐­•{‚É‚æ‚é»Î߰āF‘ŠO‚É‚¨‚¢‚ÄŠë‹@“Ió‹µ‚ɊׂÁ‚½‚褍S‘©‚³‚ꂽ‚褓Š–‚³‚ꂽ‚肵‚½ê‡¤±Òض‡O‘˜A–M­•{‚Ì•ÛŒì‚â‰î“ü‚̐\¿‚ðs‚¤‚±‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚é[5]¡
˜A–M­•{‚̉‡•FŽû“ü‚̉‡•‚ð‚Í‚¶‚ß‚Æ‚·‚餎s–¯Œ •ÛŽŽÒ‚ɑ΂·‚鐭•{‚̉‡•‚â»°ËÞ½‚ðŽó‚¯‚邱‚Æ‚ª‚Å‚«‚é¡
Žs–¯Œ ‚ðŽæ“¾‚·‚邱‚ƂŤˆÚ–¯‚͍‘ŠO‘Þ‹Žˆ•ª‚ð‹°‚ê‚È‚ª‚ç•é‚ç‚·‚±‚Æ‚©‚ç‰ð•ú‚³‚ê‚é¡
±ÒضŒR‚ÉŽuŠè“ü‘à‚·‚é‚ɂ͉iZŒ ‚ª‚ ‚ê‚΂悭Žs–¯Œ ‚Í–â‚í‚ê‚È‚¢¡ŽuŠè‚µ‚½ê‡‚͒ʏí‚æ‚è‚à‘‚­Žs–¯Œ Žæ“¾‚̐\¿‚ª‰Â”\‚Æ‚È‚é¡
‘哝—Ì‚Ì—v¿‚É‚æ‚Á‚č‡O‘‹c‰ï‚̐§’è‚·‚é–@—¥‚ÉŠî‚«¤Œ†o‚µ‚½Œ÷Ñ‚Ì”F‚ß‚ç‚ê‚éŠO‘l‚ɑ΂µ‚Ä‘¡’悳‚ê‚颱Òض‡O‘–¼—_Žs–¯£‚Í–¼—_Ì†‚Å‚ ‚褎ÀÛ‚ÌŽs–¯Œ ‚ɏ€‚¶‚錠—˜‚â‹`–±‚Í”º‚í‚È‚¢¡

‹r’[•ÒW]

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