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±°ÉÙÄÞ¥¹Þ¾ÞفiArnold Lucius Gesell¤1880”N6ŒŽ21“ú - 1961”N5ŒŽ19“új‚ͤ±Òض‡O‘‚̐S—ŠwŽÒ¤¬Ž™‰Èˆã¡Žq‚Ç‚à‚Ì”­’BŒ¤‹†‚Ì•ª–ì‚ÌÊß²µÆ±‚Æ‚³‚ê‚é¡

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”Þ‚Í‹³Žt‚ɂȂ邽‚߂ɤ1896”N‚Z‚𑲋Ƃ·‚é‚Ƥ³¨½ºÝ¼Ý¥½Á°³ÞݽÎß²ÝĎt”ÍŠwZ‚ɐiŠw‚µ‚½¡‚±‚±‚Ŕނ͸װ¸‘åŠw‚ÉŠw‚ñ‚¾´ÄÞ¶Þ°¥¼Þª²Ñ½Þ¥½³¨ÌĂ̺°½‚ðŽæ‚褂±‚̽³¨ÌĂª”ނɐS—Šw‚Ö‚Ì‹»–¡‚ðA‚¦•t‚¯‚½¡

”ނ͍‚Z‚Ì‹³Žt‚Æ‚µ‚Ä’ZŠúŠÔ“­‚¢‚½‚Ì‚¿¤³¨½ºÝ¼Ý‘åŠwÏÃÞ¨¿ÝZ‚ɍēxiŠw¡‚±‚±‚ŔނͤÌÚÃÞد¸¥¼Þ¬¸¿Ý¥À°Å°‚Ì—ðŽjŠw‚Ƽޮ¾ÞÌ¥¼Þ¬½ÄÛ°‚̐S—Šw‚ðŽæ‚Á‚½¡¼Þ¬½ÄÛ°‚ͤ³¨½ºÝ¼Ý‘åŠw‚ÅŽÀŒ±S—Šw‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ð½À°Ä‚³‚¹‚½‚Æ‚±‚낾‚Á‚½¡¹Þ¾Þقͤ1903”N‚ɳ¨½ºÝ¼Ý‘åŠw‚©‚ç“NŠw‚ÌŠwŽm†‚ðŽæ“¾‚µ‚½¡ ”Þ‚Í‚»‚̌㤐S—Šw‚̏‰Šú‚ÌŠJ‘ñŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚ĸװ¸‘åŠw‚ÅŠw‹Æ‚ðŒp‘±‚·‚é‚܂ŤÄ“x‚Z‚ɖ߂褋³ˆõ¤‚Ì‚¿‚ɍZ’·‚à–±‚ß‚½¡¸×°¸‘åŠw‚ͤ¬Ž™”­’B‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ÌŠî‘b‚ð’z‚¢‚½G¥½ÀÝÚ°¥Î°ÙŠw’·‚Ì‹­‚¢‰e‹¿‚ðŽó‚¯‚Ä‚¢‚½¡¹Þ¾Þقͤ1906”N¸×°¸‘åŠw‚©‚ç“NŠw”ŽŽm†‚ðŽæ“¾‚·‚é¡‚»‚ÌŒã¤Ù²½¥À°Ï݂ªÛ»Ý¾ÞÙ½Žt”ÍŠwZ‚Ì‹³Žö‚ÌÎ߽Ă̂½‚ß‚É–z‘–‚µ‚Ä‚­‚ê‚ĤAE‚ªŒˆ‚Ü‚é‚܂Ť”Þ‚ÍÆ­°Ö°¸Žs‚Ƴ¨½ºÝ¼ÝB‚Ő”ƒ•Š‚ÌŠwZ‚ð“]X‚Æ‚·‚顐V‚µ‚¢Eê‚ŔނÍÍÞ±Äظ½¥Á¬ÝÄÞ×°‚Æ‚¢‚¤–£—Í“I‚ȏ—«‹³Žt‚ɏo‰ï‚¢¤”ނ͔ޏ—‚ÆŒ‹¥‚·‚é¡”Þ‚ç‚Í‚»‚ÌŒãˆê’jˆê—‚𓾂½¡

Æ­°¼Þ¬°¼Þ°B‚ÌÍÝØ°¥ºÞ¯ÄÞ×ÝÄނª‚¢‚½Ü²Ý×ÝÄތP—ûŠwZ‚È‚Ç‚Ì’m“IáŠQŽ™‚Ì‚½‚ß‚ÌŠwZ‚ɋΖ±‚µ‚½Œã¤”Þ‚Í’m“IáŠQŽ™‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚É‹»–¡‚ðŽ‚¿Žn‚ß‚é¡

”ŽŽm†‚ðŽæ“¾‚·‚錈ˆÓ‚ðŒÅ‚ߤ”ނͳ¨½ºÝ¼Ý‘åŠwˆãŠw•”‚ÅŒ¤‹†‚ðŽn‚ß‚é¡‚Ì‚¿‚ɔނ͈ãŠw‚ðŠw‚Ô–T‚粪°Ù‘åŠw‚ŏy‹³Žö‚̐E‚ɏA‚­¡‚»‚±‚ŔނͲª°ÙŽ™“¶”­’B¾ÝÀ°‚𗧂¿ã‚°¤1915”N‚ɂ͈ãŠw”ŽŽm†‚ðŽæ“¾‚·‚é¡”Þ‚Í‚±‚ÌŽž“_‚ŏIg‹³ŽöŽ‘Ši‚𓾂Ă¢‚½‚à‚Ì‚Æ‚Ý‚ç‚ê‚顔ނͺÈÁ¶¯ÄB‹³ˆçˆÏˆõ‰ï‚Ì‚½‚ß‚ÉŠwZS—ŠwŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚Ä‚à‹¦—Í‚µ¤áŠQŽ™‚ª‚¤‚Ü‚­ŠwZ¶Šˆ‚𑗂邱‚Æ‚ªo—ˆ‚é‚悤‚ÉŽx‰‡‚µ‚½¡”Þ‚Í‚¢‚­‚‚©‚Ì–{‚ðŽ·•M‚µ‚½‚ª¤‚»‚Ì’†‚ɁwŒöO‰q¶‹y‚Ñ‹³ˆç‚ÌŠÏ“_‚©‚猩‚½AŠw‘OŽ™“¶x( The Preschool Child from the Standpoint of Public Hygiene and Education in 1923)¤wAŠw‘OŽ™“¶‚Ì’m“I”­’Bx(The Mental Growth of the Preschool Child in 1925¤‚±‚ê‚͉f‰æ‰»‚à‚³‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚é)¤‚»‚µ‚āw—cŽ™‚̍s“®Ï¯Ì߁x(An Atlas of Infant Behavior 1934.) ‚È‚Ç‚ª‚ ‚é¡

‚³‚ç‚ɤ”Þ‚ÍÌ×ݼ½¥²Ù¸Þ‚Æ‹¤’˜‚ÅŽqˆç‚Ä‚ÌŽèˆø‘w¡“ú‚Ì•¶‰»‚Ì’†‚Å‚Ì“û—cŽ™x('Infant and Child in the Culture of Today'¤1943)‚Ɓw5Î‚©‚ç10Î‚Ü‚Å‚ÌŽq‚Ç‚àx(,'The Child from Five to Ten'¤1946)‚ðo‚µ‚½¡‚±‚ê‚ͤw½Î߯¸”ŽŽm‚̈玙‘x‚ª“oê‚·‚é‚܂Ť’è”Ԃ̈玙‘‚Æ‚µ‚Ä’m‚ç‚ê‚Ä‚¢‚½‚à‚Ì‚Å‚ ‚é¡

¹Þ¾Þق͎©•ª‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚ɍŐV‚Ì‹Zp‚ðŽg‚Á‚½¡”Þ‚ÍËÞÃÞµ‚â¶Òׂ̍ŐV‹Zp‚àŠˆ—p‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚é¡”Þ‚Í‚Ü‚½Žq‚Ç‚à‚½‚¿‚̎ז‚‚ð‚·‚é‚±‚Æ‚È‚­”Þ‚ç‚ðˆê•û“I‚ÉŠÏŽ@‚·‚邱‚Æ‚Ì‚Å‚«‚é¹Þ¾ÞÙÄްѤ¡‚Å‚¢‚¤Ï¼Þ¯¸Ð×°‚ð”õ‚¦‚½ŽÀŒ±ŠÏŽ@Žº‚àŠJ”­‚µ‚½¡”Þ‚ÍŽ©g‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚Ì’†‚Ő”‘½‚­‚ÌŽq‚Ç‚à‚ðŒ¤‹†‚µ‚½‚ª¤‚»‚Ì’†‚ɂ́w˜T‚Ɉç‚Ä‚ç‚ꂽ­— ±ÏׂƶÏׁx‚àŠÜ‚Ü‚ê‚é¡‚½‚¾‚µ¤‚±‚̏ꍇ‚͔ނ͒¼Ú‚É‚»‚̘T­—‚½‚¿‚ðŒ©‚Ä‚¢‚È‚¢¡‚»‚Ì‘¼“®•¨‚ÌŽq‚Ç‚à‚½‚¿¤“Á‚ɻق̎q‚Ç‚à‚½‚¿‚ÌŒ¤‹†‚à‚ ‚顔ނ͐S—ŠwŽÒ‚Æ‚µ‚Ĥ¢¶‚Ü‚ê‚©ˆç‚¿‚©£˜_‘ˆ‚Ì’†‚Å‚»‚Ì—¼ŽÒ‚̏d—v«‚ð”F‚ß‚Ä‚¢‚½¡”Þ‚Í’m“IáŠQ‚ð‰½‚©“Á’è‚ÌŒ´ˆö‚Ì‚Ý‚É‘k‹y‚µ‚čl‚¦‚é‚ׂ«‚Å‚Í‚È‚¢‚ƍl‚¦‚½¡‚Ü‚½‰E—˜‚«¤¶—˜‚«‚̂悤‚È—˜‚«Žè‚â‹CŽ¿‚̂悤‚ȐlŠÔs“®‚àˆâ“`‚µ‚¤‚é‚Æ‚¢‚¤Œ©‰ð‚ðÌ‚Á‚½¡‚³‚ç‚ÉŽq‚Ç‚à‚½‚¿‚ª¤ŒZ’íŽo–…‘ŠŒÝ‚ɤ‚Ü‚½—¼e‚ɑ΂µ‚Ăǂ̂悤‚ɏ‡‰ž‚µ‚Ä‚¢‚­‚Ì‚©‚ðŒŸ“¢‚µ¤‘S‘“I‚ȕۈ珊‚̼½Ãтª‘‚É‚Æ‚Á‚ĉv‚·‚邱‚Æ‚É‚È‚é‚ƍl‚¦‚½¡

ŽQl•¶Œ£[•ÒW]

Boring, E.G. (1952) gArnold Lucius Gesell.h History of Psychology in Autobiography 4: 123-42. Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.
Harris, Benjamin. "Arnold Lucius Gesell". American National Biography. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.
Kessen, William. (1965). "Growth and Personality" The Child: 208?228.
Miles, Walter R. (1964). "Arnold Lucius Gesell". Biographical Memoirs: National Academy of Sciences 37: 55?96. New York: Columbia University Press.
Gesell, Arnold. gThe Village of a Thousand Souls.h American Magazine, Oct. 1913, pp. 11-16.
Ball, R S (1977), gThe Gesell Developmental Schedules: Arnold Gesell (1880-1961).h, Journal of abnormal child psychology 5 (3): 233?9, doi:10.1007/BF00913694, PMID 332745, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/332745 
LEYS, R (1961), gArnold GESELL.h, Cerebral palsy bulletin 3: 608?9, 1961 Dec, PMID 14037200, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14037200 
KNOBLOCH, H (1961), gArnold GESELL 1880-1961.h, The American journal of psychiatry 118: 574?6, 1961 Dec, PMID 14036863, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14036863 
KANNER, L (1960), gArnold GESELL's place in the history of developmental psychology and psychiatry.h, Psychiatric research reports 13: 1?9, 1960 Dec, PMID 13751194, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13751194 
Herman, E (2001), gFamilies made by science. Arnold Gesell and the technologies of modern child adoption.h, Isis; an international review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences 92 (4): 684?715, 2001 Dec, PMID 11921680, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11921680 

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